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Brushed Pebble 
Cement Exterior 




; PAGE] 


ORTLAND CEMENT is a term applied 
to the finely ground product, resulting 
from the burning together of various 
materials of proper chemical composi- 
tion, which in the case of Universal 
Portland Cement, are blast furnace 




pure limestone. It is not 
called PORTLAND cement because it was made first 
in Portland, Maine, or in Portland, Oregon, but because 
the Englishman who first made it, thought he detected 
a resemblance between the material and a certain natural 
stone, quarried upon the Isle of Portland, a peninsula 
on the southern coast of England. 

CONCRETE is the hardened rock-like product re- 
sulting from a mixture of Portland cement, sand, gravel 
or broken stone with water. Cement is the material 
which binds the sand, gravel or broken stone together, 
the whole being referred to as concrete. There 
many brands of Portland cement on the market, 
manufacturer gives his product a special brand name 
and uses a trademark, which is always printed on the 
sacks in which his product is packed. The terms, ce- 
ment and concrete while frequently used interchange- 
ably, are hence in no sense synonymous. In this book 


j £d$j * 





CEMENT houses will be used more frequently than the 
expression, CONCRETE houses, although either term 

properly might be applied. 

Cement, as a constructional material, probably is best 
known to the public in the form of concrete sidewalks, 
steps, retaining walls and imitation rock faced blocks. 
The use of cement in this kind of construction, repre- 
sents however, only a very small part of the wonderfully 
large field of utility in which Portland cement concrete is 

today employed. 

The object of this book is to indicate by illustrations 
and descriptions, one of the newer but very rapidly ex- 
panding fields of the application of cement, namely, in 
residence construction. It is only 
recent years that any serious attention has been paid by 
architects, engineers and builders to the advantages of- 
fered by cement in this phase of building. 

The things which have brought cement houses quite 
prominently before the home builder, are the popular 
demand for a fireproof home and the desire for a building 
material at once economical, sanitary, indestructible, 
warm in the winter, cool in the summer and one adapt- 
able to practically every style of architecture. 

Portland cement concrete embodies all of these ad- 
vantages. It is the strongest, most efficient and versatile 
structural material in use today. Concrete is equally suit- 
able for the construction of a working-man's cottage, a 
suburbanite's bungalow or a millionaire's mansion. 

Cement houses are not all constructed similarly. 
There are cement houses and cement houses. In a gen- 
eral way, they may be divided into five classes, which 
are the divisions under which they are discussed in this 








The first class embraces the various forms of rein- 
forced concrete houses, including the monolithic type, 




The second class includes the cement block or hollow 

tile structures with a coat of cement plaster on the ex- 

The third comprises the plain cement block or tile 

structure with no exterior coat of plaster. 

In the fourth class are those with a frame structure of 
wood, with an exterior coat of cement plaster. 

The fifth class consists of cement brick houses. 

These several classes do not, of course, include 
possible types of cement houses. 

None of these various types of houses are necessarily 
fireproof so that when one speaks of a cement house, it 
must not be inferred that the house is fireproof. In order 
that it may be regarded as thoroughly fireproof, the sys- 
tem of construction should fall under either the first, 
second, third or fourth classes, and should embody the 
use of concrete on the interior, as well as the exterior. 

We can associate the expression FIREPROOF with 
the term CEMENT HOUSES, only in so far as concrete 

_ . _ - ■ * 

may be considered as an 

UNBURNABLE material. 

Those parts of the house which are built properly of con- 
crete are hence fireproof. 

It is not within the purview of this pamphlet to ex- 
plain the requirements of fireproof construction nor to 
present plans for cement houses nor to compare their 
cost with the cost of wood constructed houses but rather 
to indicate the unusual attractiveness of a concrete home 
and to point out in a general way, its advantages. 

We have attempted to procure photographs of a few 

• ' 




/J J ) 

houses, which may be considered as representative of 
their class, publish the name of the architect and con- 
tractor for each with its approximate cost and the opinion 
of the owner as to the satisfaction which his home affords. 
It is believed that the information herein contained 
will meet a long-felt want for some accurate and definite 
information as to what has been done in the direction of 
cement house construction. It is offered to the home- 
building public with the hope that in it, they will find 
something which will lead them to build more permanent, 
more sanitary, more charming, at the same time, cheaper 
houses, which are free from the constant danger of being 
swept out of existence, with the lives of the occupants 
and their oft times priceless contents, by the all-consum- 
ing Fire Fiend. 

i %/* 


are not confined to those in which 

was used. 

Attention is called to the fact that 
the costs of the residences illustrated, 
were obtained in practically all cases, 
from the owners. It is, therefore, 
safe to assume that the costs, as given, 

are somewhat high; in some in- 
stances, the costs shown, may be re- 
garded as the selling price rather than 
the actual cost of construction. 

We acknowledge our indebtedness 
to the owners, architects and others, 
who have assisted us in the prepara- 
tion of this material, and to them 
we tender our gratitude. 

% • 

♦ / 

\ ■ 





HE houses represented in the section im- 
mediately following are of reinforced 
concrete construction, most of them of 
the monolithic type. These houses are 
the most approved style of construction. 
They were not all built according to the 



Most of these houses were built entirely of concrete, 
including the foundations, basements, walls, floors, ceil- 
ings, stairways, and in some cases, even the roofs. They 
are thoroughly fireproof, indestructible, warm in winter, 
cool in summer, free from the necessity of repairs, and 
moisture-proof. In these houses there was very little, 

if any, wood used. 

The term, monolithic, used in connection with resi- 
dence construction, or other forms of concrete construc- 
tion, is very generally misunderstood. Monolithic, or 
"one stone," construction is that wherein all of the con- 
crete is cast so as to form practically one piece ; there are 
no smaller separate units. Monolithic concrete is one 
solid artificial stone, conforming to the shape of the forms 
or moulds in which it was cast. 

The accompanying view gives some idea of the handsome reinforced 
concrete residence of Mr. J. R. Ware, which was built by the Ferro Con- 
crete Construction Company of Cincinnati, Ohio, and designed by Mr 
Gordan Shepard of Ft. Thomas, Ky. The house is located on the beau- 
tiful highlands along the Ohio River. 

Everything in the construction, excepting the hardwood flo rs, trim 
and under— tructure of the roof is reinforced concrete, which includes all 
outer wall-, floors, columns, en— beams and chimneys. The floors 
and posts of the \ randa arc of reinforced concrete, while the railing and 
under ructure of the porch roof are of wood. The roof is of red tile. 

As the house is built on the side of a ravine, it was necessary to step 
the footing. After the footii s and piers were built, the house, so far a- 
cement was concerned, was built in three sections. The forms for the 
basement wall-, the columns and floors were built and then poured, and 
the steel rods were allowed to project in order to secure a proper bond 
for the next section. After the first ction had properly set the form 
was removed and the material used to build the walls, columns and floor 
of the first story. The concrete was then placed, and after it had set, 
the third section was -tarted. using as before, the material from the 
previous form. This method of construction greatly decreased the cost 
of the lumber used. 

The exterior finish is rough stucco, which was dashed on the con- 
crete with a wire brush. Hydraulic lime being used, which gave a per- 


fectly white finish. The total cost of this residence complete was $12,000. 

says. "We are thoroughly satisfied 


with the house and consider the investment satisfactory. It is fire- 
proof throughout, and the repairs are almost nothing in a cement house 
with a red tile roof. It will last a lifetime, and then for several genera- 





This is a two-story building with foundations and walls of solid 
monolithic concrete. The cost of the building complete was $4,000. It 
was built by a new method of concrete construction, perfected by Mr. C. 
W. Fellgren, 4874 Magnolia Avenue, Chicago, who also designed the 
house. Universal Portland Cement was used. 

The owner of this residence is Mr. Charles Lindberg, 1173 Lyman 
Avenue, Oak Park, Illinois. He is thoroughly satisfied with the building 
throughout. He regards it as a twelve per cent investment, and says that 
it will not need any painting, is fire-proof, that it is warm in winter, cool 
in summer, and strictly moisture-proof. 


The residence of Mr. Henry A. Theis, of Haworth, New Jersey, was 
designed b) Mr. A. C. Panli, 160 Fifth Avenue, New York. It is a mono- 
lithic concrete house, with a receded porch on one side of the front, and 
a pergola on the other. A neat balcony, supported by five concrete brack- 
ets, relieves the effect of the plain surfaces, and the dark beams of the 
pergola form a nice contrast with the white plaster. The cost of the house 

was $6,000. 

Mr. Theis says: "I am thoroughly satisfied with the building as a 
whole, and as an economic investment. While the house was built three 
ears ago, it has not needed any repairs, nor is it likely to need any for 
-ome time to come. It is very comfortable in the summer as well as in the 
winter, and we have had no trouble with moisture, not even in the hardest 
of storms. The house was not built for me, I having acquired it by pur- 
chase from the original owner." 


The massive and substantial building shown above, owned by Mr. 
Fred Pabst, Jr., is the home of Mr. P. G. H. Bennett, and is situated on 
the Pabst Estate, at Oconomowoc, Wisconsin. All of the larger buildings 
on this estate are of reinforced concrete. Fernekes & Cramer of Mil- 
waukee designed the buildings, and the work was executed by the New- 
ton Engineering Co., of Milwaukee. 

The foundation, basement, outside walls, and some interior partitions 
of Mr. Bennett's house are of solid concrete, furred with furring tile. 
The walls were built rough, and one year later the surface finish was put 
on by wetting the walls and applying Livingstone Bond, a dilute hydro- 
chloric acid treatment. They were then plastered, and finished with a 
wooden float, the surface thus produced being stippled to give the desired 

This finish has withstood the test of two winters, and thus 
far has shown no defects. Universal Portland Cement was used through- 
out. The total cost of this house was $14,000. 

rough effect. 




Two years ago. Mr. George Enblom, of I mdiyohi,, Minnesota, built a 

monolithic concrete residence for himself. Tin ground dimensions of th 
he i are 30 feet > \2 feet. The c< >ncrete is reinf< need \\ ith st< 1 rods. Th 
walls are furred on the inside with \ l / 2 inch strips, lathed and plastered, 
hus making a continuous air spa Th exterior coating of plaster i 
rough ca-t. with a pebble-dash finish. Universal Portland Cement wa 
used entirely. The total cost of the dwelling was $1,765, itemized as 

Excavating . $ 75 

Carpentry and form work. . 1,105 

Cemer ork, including reinforcement 400 

Plastering ... ... 100 

Hardware . 85 


Total $1,765 

In speaking of his residence Mr. Enblom says : " r the amount 
of money invested I am weil pleased with my 1 ncrete house. The wall 
have d continuous air spa . and though la-t winter was on >f the t 

and most severe winters for years, the walls show 1 no signs of damp- 
ness or frost. The house is nice and cool in summer, and I am well 
pleased with it in every particular." 


A monolithic concrete, hollow walled house is situated at Xo. 2132 
South 20th street, Birmingham, Alabama. Mr. L. C. Fallin, No. 1818 
Copeland Avenue, Birmingham, designed this residence for the owner, Dr. 
A. E. Meadows, and it was built by the New Enterprise Concrete Ma- 
chinery Co., of Chicago; the general contractors being Fallin & Woodrow 
of Birmingham. The total cost, as given by the builders, was between 

$7,000 and $8,000. 

The walls of the building were constructed entirely of monolithic 
concrete, the exterior of the basement being finished with an imitation 
rock surface. The first story was plain smooth trowelled, and the upper 
story was made in imitation of clap-boarding. The porch railing and 
piazza pillars, and the low posts alongside the steps are of solid concrete 
the railing, posts and bases of pillars are panelled. All of the plain ce- 
ment surfaces have a smooth trowelled finish, including the porch cornice 

and second story frieze. 

Dr. Meadows says his residence is "highly sanitary, comfortable and 



One of the beautiful houses in Glencoe, 111., is the home of Mr. 
Frank W. Darling. It was designed by the owner and built under his 
direct supervision. The arrangement of this house is quite out of the 
ordinary. No basement is provided, and the living room is on the second 
floor. The lower floe has a porch partitioned off into a work shop, and 

The kitchen, dining 

a small out-door dining room for use in summer. 

A large ncrete stairway along the 

Th h< se has s lid monolithic concrete walls, with a tile backing. 

The foundation was built of 

room and pantry are on this floor. 

id ' ' the ho1 cts wnli the large living porch on the second floor 

Thi rch has direct entrances into the living room and one bed room, 
and thus may be used both as a living porch and sleeping porch. 
Thi house has solid monolithic cone 
id was built in a most unusual manner. 

four-wa tile conduit laid in a trench fifteen inches" wide]* an7the' con- 
crete v red to make a six inch wall outside of the tile The four- 
wa;. tik ed on six inches above the ground, and single conduit was 
laid from there up. For eighteen inches above the g, und, the forms 
WCre i! mlt , t0 P l si * inch wall, and abow that a four inch wall 

1 h< ec w res were run through the conduits in the walls, insur- 
ng perfect msulation. This was all carefully planned be construe- 
to so that m proper plac vertical runs of tile were left perpendicu- 
b riewinng was done for each floor before the concrete was 
P «d. The paction walls were laid of single conduit, plastered o„ 

:; :; ;::::;, 1 c h,ng - Xot a crack has - vet «— «■ * £r 

Lnnersal Portland Cement was used throughout. 



The trim was provided for in laying up the conduit. Small blocks 
were inserted between the tile where trim strips were to go around the 
room. Before plastering, seven-eighths inch grounds were nailed in 
place on these blocks and around the window and door frames. Small 
blocks were also placed where electric outlets were to come to furnish 
screw holes for the pictures. All outside frames were set flush with the 
finished surface of the concrete. All forms were made of seven-eighths 
by six inch flooring, reinforced with short pieces of two by fours. These 
were then wired tightly and wetly mixed concrete poured in. The gravel 
used was bought especially for this work, and contained as many colored 
pebbles as could possibly be obtained. The window mullions and chim- 
neys were poured and the latter was surfaced with brick. The floors were 
made of solid concrete with two by two nailing strips set in one-half inch 
above the surface of the concrete. The rough floor, that which had been 
used for forms, was nailed diagonally across these, and the seven-eighths 
inch oak floor placed on top. 

The second story living porch has a floor fifty feet by twelve feet of 
suspended, reinforced concrete, five inches thick. All plaster in the house 
is cement mortar, mixed with torpedo sand only, and rough-trowelled, 
except in the bathroom and kitchen, where a finish coat of adamant plas- 
ter was applied. All of the plaster was given a coat of very thin oil stain. 

The form lines showed plainly at first, and the cement had set about 
a month before the house was finished. Then the whole surface was 
gone over with a bush hammer, taking off about one-fourth of an inch 
and breaking the gravel so that a beautiful rough surface was left, show- 
ing quite uniform, and leaving the colored pebbles with broken surfaces. 
The appearance of the house was also further enhanced by substituting in 
olace of the usual concrete trim, one of rough cypress. This was col- 
ored a dark brown with a creosote stain. 

The total cost of this handsome residence was a little more than 
$6,000, itemized as follows : 


Tile work and masonry $ 158.44 

Concrete ; • • • 355.34 

Carpentry on forms & scaffolding 

Surfacing concrete 

Lumber for forms and rough work. 418.53 
Carpenter work — rough for floors, 
roof, setting frames, etc 

Mat. dtl'd. Labor. Sub. Cont. 

(L nion Scale) 
$ 54.40 $ 

75.30 S 


Inside trim. . 

Outside trim 

Doors and windows throughout.. 

Builders' hardware 

Shelf hardware 

Decoration, inside 

Decoration outside 

Shades and screens throughout. 

Sundries - 

Floors — Hardwood throughout... 

Electric wiring 

Tile roof 1 sheet metal work.. 

Plumbing and fixtures 

Heating furnace. 















243 82 














1 ,1, $1,869.41 $2,480.37 $1,740.77 $6.090.5S 

The following are extracts from a reply to a letter to Mr. Darling, 
reqiu ting information about his residence. 

"I am more than satisfied, not only with the method of construction, but with 
all of the n - obtained. The investment was satisfactory. Though the house 
ost abo< -.5< '0 more than I had planned to put into a house, I am sure th; 

this sum is more than made up by the appearance and efficiency of the house. 
1 easily save three times this sum in repairs and maintenance during the life 
of the house. It is entirely fireproof throughout— floors and all, with the excep- 
tion of certain parts of the floors for the second story. 

olutuh no painting or repairing will be required, except that the rough 
pre- ood trim will n< 1 to be creosoted i ssibly once in two years. This 
will cost about S15. 

id' rom the ab- ab- nee of any vibration in the house and its fire- 

proof qualiti 1 v. that the greatest advant; ge of this construction comes 

f 1 m the tact that the walls are such perfect insulators that the inner temperature 
oi the house is maintained almost without am effect from outside temperatures. 
In th I • summer ys, if the windows are closed in the morning, the house 

is co< ut tlie i th he windows are opened again at night for a 

thorough airing. I reckon on easily 33 1-3 per cent saving in fuel. 

moistur pro Whether this is entirely due to the monolithic concrete 
outside or the tile on the inside of the wall- T do not know, but there i~ no chance 
for m v L ure in . either by a rption or by sweating of the walls. 

• ide from te ] tr -truci n used in this hot] it may be of interest 

to readers to know that concrete is not such a difficult proposition to use, but that 

a man who is neither an architect or a contractor can plan and supervise the 

instruction of the hi himself. I believe that one of the features which will 

the pulari of residence coi ruction e nes from the fact that a great 

many people have an idea that there is something very difficult and fearful about 

t c 


The home of Mr. J. T. Wikle was designed by Mr. C. W. Smith, of 
Atlanta, Ga., and built by the New Enterprise Concrete Machinery Co.. 
of Chicago. This residence is located at North Boulevard and Pine 
streets, Atlanta, and is of solid monolithic construction. 

It can best be described by repeating Mr. Wilde's statement regard- 
ing it: "My residence is built of monolithic construction, with a hollow 
wall. The inner section is five inches thick, and the outer four inches. 
The air-space between the two is three inches. They are held parallel by 
means of anchors made of round iron, and at occasional intervals solid 
concrete ties were made between the walls. Concrete, made of )4-mch 
crushed granite was used, the proportion being 1:2:4. The outer wall 
was finished with a plaster, composed of one part cement to two parts of 
granite screenings, the entire surface of the wall is smooth, except that 
the corners are relieved by pilasters. The foundation is a solid wall, and 
there is a solid water-table on top of this. 

"The house is of two stories, and around the top of the second story 
is a frieze which was formed in the concrete by putting some pressed zinc 
cornice designs on the inside of the forms. These designs were obtained 
from a local sheet metal worker. The inner partition and floors are of 
wood, and the roof is covered with metal shingles. 

"In view of the fact that the hollow spaces between the walls is prac- 



ticallv continuous, I have never had am signs of moisture on the inside of 
the building. The house is warm in winter and cool in summer. As to 
cost, will say that it probably today would cost something like $7,500 to 
duplicate my house. It has nine rooms and a basement, is heated by a 
hot-air furnace. The concrete portion does not need any repairs or paint- 
ing, although the window frames and wood cornice will, of course, re- 
quire attention along this line. 

"I did not build as an investment, but for a heme, but consider the ex- 
penditure entirely satisfactory. My house is not entirely fire-proof, as 
only the outer walls are of concrete, but the exterior effect is quite pleas- 
ing, and I am entirely satisfied with the construction." 


A large concrete house which is extremely satisfactory to the owner. 
Mr. L E. Wettling, is situated at 1906 Washington Street, Lincoln, Xe- 
braska It was designed by Mr. Jami - Tyler, Jr.. a Lincoln architect. A 
de^ription of the house can best be obtained 1 giving extracts from 
Mr. Wettling's letter regarding his residence. 

"I am thoroughly satisfied with my house. It is dry and easier to 
keep warm in winter than any other house I have ever lived in. It i 
also cool in dimmer, and ah lutely free from rat- mice or other vermin. 
There is also a great degree of satisfaction in the fact that we feel abso- 





lately safe in the matter of fire, and never worry about storms or cyclones. 
I am sure that no earth-quake, short of an opening immediately under the 
house, could disturb us in the least, and the sense of security which this 

condition gives, is worth much to us. 

"While the initial cost was considerable more than the first estimate, 
I am satisfied and feel that because there can be no occasion for repairs, 
painting and replacements, the house will prove a good investment, and 
cheaper in the long run. The building is Z2]/ 2 feet by 40 feet on the 
ground, with front porch 12 feet by 27 feet, kitchen porch 5 feet by 8 feet, 
eaves extending 4 feet, and a roomy attic, somewhat low, as the picture 
indicates. There are nine rooms and a full basement, and the fittings are 
modern in every way, hot water heating, electric light, and all wires are 
in conduits imbedded in the walls and floors. The footings are 18 inches 
wide, basement walls 12 inches, walls from basement to the roof 7 inches 
and all the floors are 6 inches thick." 

The cost of this house was $13,500, which may be itemized as fol- 
lows : 

..... $1,800 

Carpentry and mill work T 

Cement and form work ' 

Plastering 1 30Q 

Plumbing and heating p 

Wirin * !!".!".!!!!!!!!! 200 

Hardware ~ j-« 

Fixtures !!]"///.!!".!!!!!!"/.!"!"-"' 2 °° 

(jlaSS 1 9 en 

Roof Steel I beam frame, and tile > 

This large, handsome, practical house makes an ideal home, for it is 
comfortable, beautiful and absolutely permanent. 


This fireproof residence, -ituated at Sheridan Road and Center 
Street, Glencoe, 111., is the limne of Mr. G A. Dresser, and wa> < -isrned 
by Mr. M. J. Morehouse, a Chicago architect, and executed b\ Mr. G. A. 
E. Kohler, of Kohler Brothers. Chicago. 

This residence is interesting on account of the fact that it was built 
by a new and peculiar method of fire-proof construction, the invention of 
Mr. George M. Graham. This construction uses a new combination of 
steel tubing, wire, malleable footings and concrete The frame was fab- 
ricated completely in the shop, so that the work of assembling it consisted 
solely of bolting the various parts together with the help of special malle- 
able fittings. The columns rest on concrete footings, and are filled with 
concrete. The entire framework can be erected before the concrete work 
is started, and thus the position and quality of the steel can be inspected. 
The walls and floors are hollow, which reduces the weight of the build- 
ing to the minimum, and affords perfect insulation. The strain on the 
floors is carried by wire in tension, which is the most economical way 
teel can be u^ed. and the walls, floors and partitions form one integral 
mass, so that the building is absolutely vermin proof and indestructible. 
Every partition, floor and ceiling is interwoven with win and so it is 
impossible for cracks to develop. All the steel is incased in cement, 
which prevents corrosion or rust. 

With the exception of the piers, the concrete is not depended on to 


carry any of the load, but is used only as a stiffening or body for the 
building. The outside surface was framed by applying wire cloth to the 
vertical wires and then plastering this with a pebble-dash coat of cement 
mortar. The roof was constructed in the same manner as the floors, 
namely with wires in tension, and the finished cement surface was left 
exposed. This roof was finished with a float, and has stood one year, 
and no leaks have developed. Universal Portland Cement was used 


This residence is complete with plumbing, hot water heating and elec- 
tric wiring, all of which were installed without difficulty. With the ex- 
ception of the interior trim, no wood was used in the construction, as all 
the exterior mouldings and ornaments were formed of cement cast on the 
ground and wired in place before the plastering was done. The entire 

cost of this residence was $12,000. 

Following is a self-explanatory letter from the architect, Mr. More- 
house, regarding Mr. Dresser's residence: 

"Gentlemen:—! am pleased to say that I am thoroughly satisfied with the re- 
sults in everv particular, and while this was the first building ever constructed 
under this method the work progressed as rapidly as under other ordinary methods. 
No difficulties were encountered in any of the branches of work, such as plumb- 
ing, heating and wiring. . _ , 

I understand from the owner that when the house was finished he was ottered 
a handsome profit for the property over and above the total cost, and yet 1 am 
satisfied that future houses built under this construction will cost fully A) per cent 

less than this first building. , 

The house is absolutely fireproof, and as there is no wood used on the ex- 
terior, no painting will ever be required. , .... T , 

The house has stood during the winter and summer during which time I have 
frequently examined it, but found no cracks or signs of deterioration of any kind. 
The interior of the house was decorated as soon as the plastering was finished, 
and no cracks have developed, even in the ceilings, which were calcimined 

The radiation in the house was figured the same as in other first class resi- 
dences, and the owner tells me that it was warm during the winter and at no time 
did they crowd the fire in the boiler. m 

There is absolutely no chance for vermin to get in the walls and floors and 
from a unitary standpoint it is the most perfect residence I have ever seen. I feel 
thTany one who cares to visit this house will be repaid for their trouble, if they 

contemplate erecting a residence or any other building. 

K Very truly yours, 

(Signed) M. J. Morehouse. 


This little cottage was constructed of reinforced monolithic concrete, 
at a cost of $2 XK), by Mr. C. W. Fellgren, 4874 Magnolia Avenue. Chi 
cago. The building is located on Lombard Avenue, near Adams Street, 

and is owned by Mr. Win. Straumann. Mr. Perley Hale designed it. 

The residei e was built by an entirely new system of tncrete con- 
struction. The -tudding consisted of grooved two by foui which were 
et in the usual manner; a m Id board with latches attached, which en- 
gaged the grooves, constituted the form for one side wall, the other sid 
being constructed in horizontal, movable sections After ] tiring the 
walls, the latche- were disengaged, and the mould board- mov« upwards 
and another section added to the outside. The grooved studding wa 
left in the cor rete and metal lath was applied directly. On ace mt f 
the that the stu ling extended an inch or so from the concrete, an 

air-space was pr rided. The exterior wall was plastered with a rough 
cast coat of cement mortar. Universal Portland Cement was us d 
throughout. This method of construction, where used, has proved decid- 
edly satisfactory, and is extremely simple in operation. 






The Lake County Flat Wall Builders constructed this house. It is 
the home of Mr. Joseph Barnett, and is located in Lake Forest, Illinois. 

A unique and novel system of concrete construction devised by Col. 
R. H. Aiken, Winthrop Harbor, Illinois, was used. The walls were built 
nearly horizontally and raised to an upright position, after the concrete 
had hardened, by an apparatus which consisted of a number of jacks 
worked by a revolving shaft. After the walls were raised they were 
bonded together by solid concrete pillars. All of the panels in both the 
lower and upper porch railings, and in the porch foundation were cast and 
put in place, and the columns and posts are of solid concrete, as is also 
the moulding under the eaves. The exterior was finished with a pebble 
dash coat of cement plaster, and the total cost of the building complete, 
was $3,800. Universal Portland Cement was used. 



This house is owned by Mr. Edmund D. Brigham. Regarding his 
home, he says : 

"The reinforced concrete house built by me during the past vear, constructed 
principally during the winter of 1908-9, is located in Glencoe, on Sheridan Road, 
north of Central Avenue. 

"The house has pro n I be cool in summer and should be warm in winter, 
equipped as it is with hot water heat, and, excepting the unusually large amount 
of window space, is w 1 protected from heat and cold, being >lid in it- con- 

"From a practical and artistic standpoint, I am more than pleased with the 
style of building and consider the cosi about equal to that of brick or stone." 

The type of o tistruction is practically the same as that used in Mr. 
Frank Darling's residence, a detailed account of which is given in the 
description of his house. Four-way conduit tile, in combination with a 
monolithic outer wall, are used as foundation, the upper wall having a 
one-way tile backing. 

The interior plastering is applied directly to the tile. The under 
structure of the roof, the interior partitions, floor- stair-ways and outside 
trim are of wood, the roof covering being red tile. The exterior trim was 
creosoted, bene no painting and little future repairing will be nece ary 
The exterior surface of the concrete, until recently, was in the same con- 
dition as it was when the forms came off; but a short time ago, Mr. 
Brigham had the surface painted with a thin cement grout, and the ap- 
pearance of the house is much improved. Universal Portland Cement 
was used throughout. The total cost of this residence was $18,000. 



This reinforced concrete bungalow, with its roof and porch of solid 
concrete, was built by the Franklin Society, No. 1 Beekman Street. New 
York City, N. Y., and the cost of construction was $7,200. Mr. John 
Scheepers,' No. 2 Rector Street. New York, is the owner of the building, 
and it is located in Haworth, New Jersey. 

Mr. Scheepers says the house is satisfactory, and that: "Solid con- 
crete bungalows like mine have, I believe, an appearance of richness and 
refinement that a wooden or brick house cannot convey ; not to forget 
the paint and repair bills one saves." 



Although it has the appearance of being a smooth stone or < ncrete 
block building the residence shown in the above photograph is of mono- 
lithic concrete, with hollow wal and was construct 1 by the New Enter- 
prise Concrete Machinery Co.. who give the c -t . $5,< 0. 

Two walls were built with an air-spa etween, in the following 
manner: J ur mould plates with flanged edg > were arran 1 at required 
distances apart, and uprights erected at interval- to guide them in their 
upward progre-. The mould plates generally were made in 16 feet sec- 
>ns, a 1 u ■ aboiu 21 inch- - high. The four members or plat of the 
mould were adjustable and the door franw window jams, sills, etc.. v re 
set in their place inside of the moulds, the two center plate- heir made 
i that th c add be adjust I to receiv the franv -. This insured air- 
tight joints ar ind all opening Moulded designs for different face 
finish* could be attach I to the outer plate of the mould, and in this man- 
ner a monolith- concrete wall could be built and carried up 21 inches at a 
im ith any desired u 11 surface design. 



Mr. Bert Essex, the owner of this residence, which is situated in 


factory, and the house as nearly fireproof as it can be made. He also 


not have to be painted, which he says takes care of the taxes. 


This monolithic concrete residence was designed by Mr. \\ . L. Plack, 
1206 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia/ Pa., and was built by Mr. R. L. 
I Jrunes, of Morton. Pa. It is located at Swarthmore, and is the home of 

Mr. Howard B. Green. 

The total cost was $15,000. The concrete foundation walls are 12 
inches thick at the base. This is carried for three feet, after which there is 
a batter of one inch to a foot, making the wall eight inches thick at tht 
first floor line. The walls of the first story are of eight inches of solid 
concrete, and the second story is paneled. In constructing the forms, the 
studs are first set, then the window frames put in, and after that, large 
reosoted planks are nailed to the studs to form the exterior effect: all 




the openings are then boarded up, and the concrete poured from the in- 
side, the studs being left imbedded in the concrete. 

The house is lathed and plastered. When the walls were being 
built, a shingling lath with projecting nails was laid horizontally every 
two and a half feet along the inside forms. When the forms were re- 
moved, the vertical shingling laths were nailed on these. The plastering 
lath was nailed to the vertical shingling laths ; thus an air-space was cre- 
ated, and the mortar given a chance to key. 

The concrete chimneys were built by putting up three sides of the 
exterior forms and using a collapsible centering two feet long. As soon 
as the centering was in place, the fourth side of the outside form was 
put up, and the concrete poured. The concrete porch railing shown here, 
if produced in any other solid building material would cost a larger sum, 
but it costs very little when made of Portland cement. The forms are 
used over and over again. The columns are substantial, and the railing 
shows the \ ssibility of Portland cement in decorative and artistic design. 

The entire surface of the house was bush-hammered. The hammer 
first used, weighed nine pound-, and had thirty-six points on one end and 
twenty-rive on the other. The ends were two inches square. The end 
with twenty-five points gave the best results; the end with thirty-six 
points was changed to sixteen points, which gave a much better finish and 
the cost of hammering was less. It was found that the points should be 
pyramids, with the projecting points two-thirds of an inch apart. 

The color heme of this house is as follows: Red salmon, slate roof, 
buff cement trimmings for body of house and balustrade, accentuated b) 
rown creosoted rough sawed planks, and a gray cement base. Colored 
tile decorations were placed under the windows between the porch gables 
and in various other parts of the house. Mr. Green says in speaking of 
his house: "I wish to state that this house was built for myself, and 
therefore, in building it I was particularly careful to have everything 
that I wanted incorporated into it in such a manner that it would be satis- 
factory. I am thoroughly satisfied with the building in every way, and 
the investment has proven satisfactory so far as I am concerned. How- 
ever. I do not believe that I would be able to get the cost out of it if I 
wanted to sell it. owing to the fact that people do not appreciate the su- 
eriority of Portland cement construction over many others. It is pos- 
itively moisture proof, and fireproof. The exterior woodwork, what lit- 
tle there is of it, will certainly need painting, but there will be very little 
repairing to be done to the house." 


Photograph- do not do justice to the exqu coloring of th lone 
lithic * ncrete residence. The aggregates used were cement and red gran- 
ite crystals, with a ittering of black. When the boar were taken down 
the surface had the ppearance of ordinar dead Crete, but as )on as 
it was scrubbed and wash 1. all the part les of red granite, with here and 
there a spot of black, bonded together by light colored mortar, were ex- 
posed, giving a surface which is slightly roughened and a color effect 



that is beautiful. Its finish is bright and full of life, and the material 

used is concrete honestly employed, the massive simplicity and strength 

howing out prominently. It is truly an artistic, picturesque, monolithic 

concrete house. 

The walls are ten inches thick and were cored, and 5 inch by 12 
inch air -paces, with 3 inch partitions, run from bottom to top All the 
walls were painted with nil. The foundations, basement, interior parti- 
tion-, floor-, and roof were con-tructed of monolithic concrete, only the 
windows, doors and interior trim being of wood. The building has nin 
ooms, including a receptr n hall and bath, and is equipped with hot water 
heating, gas and electric service. It is located at 5143 Maple avenue, 
St. Loui-. Mo., and was built rive year- ago at a cost of $12,500. 

Mr. P. M. Bruner is the owner of this house, and Mr. F. Taxci, an 
architect whose office i- in the Victoria Building, designed it. The con- 
tractor was the Bruner Granitoid Company. Mr. Bruner say- he is en- 
tirely satisfied with his hous . and it will not need any painting or repair- 
ing for twenty-five year-, except on the window frame- It is absolutely 
moi-tnre-proof. The only combu-tible part- of the house are the stair- 
window and door frame- and trim. Surely this is a most sat factory 

h me, comfortable and permanent, and with the lowest possible main- 
tenance expense. 


A little deviation from the ordinar in house d< ign -hown in the 
residence of Mr. Robert Anderson. The description of tin- building, and 

Another View of Mr. Anderson's Residence. 

the owner's opinion <>t" it, i^ Ik obtained by n ding the letter win i fol- 
low 5 : 

"Gentlemen: — In repl) !<► j of October 20th, I am pi 

that my reinforced concn r idence, which was built h The Ferro i ncrel 
Construction Company, about fmir years ag is satis ictory in er\ particular. 
• lid I think is generally considered a d ided suco from an ar it t ural and 

artistic standpoint. The house is not entirely tlrepr >f, . it the time it v\ uil 
some of the floors were made of wood constructioi r economy. Ho- ver, I 1 
were doing it over again it would be made all of rcini reed concrete ai d all tire- 
proof, as the difference in cost is not as great now a^ it w at that r and th 
^vantages gained are worth much more than the added 5t The exterior finisl 
consists of a splash coat of Portl 1 cement m r, that nt ! - al »lutely no 
painting or repairing and never will. The ho; is v rm in inter and c in 
summer, because the wall- ar well insulated, being cored and h. air -; ces 
running from bottom to top. This o entirely eliminates iny tend tor mois- 
ture to penetrate or to condens on the ii walls. The building cated at 
-461 Grandin Road, and the architects are Elzner & Anderson, Ingalls Bldg., Cin- 
cinnati, Ohio. 

"The hous ring on a steep hillside has t\\ mor 5 } exposed in the r r 

th i in the front. T 1<>\\ t or ib-ba menl 5 used as - nd is of the 

greatest convenience. My residence, with excavation, grading, garden stej wall- 
cost about $18*000." Yours very truly. 

(Signed) Robert Anderson. 


A decided departure from the ordinary in cottage design, is shown in 
the home of Mr. Joy A. Winans. This artistic little bungalow was built by 
the owner, and Brown Brothers, Cedar Rapids. Iowa, were the archi- 

The house is singularly free from expensive detail work, its simplic- 
ity being its greatest charm. Living room, dining room, den, hall and 
kitchen are arranged convenient!} on the first flour, while the seemingly 
small second story contains three roomy bedrooms and a spacious hall. 
The hreplace in the den and the beamed ceiling of the living room mark 
the bungalow style of interior treatment. The two rooms mentioned are 
really one great room, being separated only by the partition bookcases. 

The house is constructed with solid monolithic c te walls, the 

exterior finish being a light rough-cast plaster coat. Mr. Winans say- 
that the walls never showed moisture, which was contrary to expecta- 
tions. The architects assert that this dwelling can be built for $4,200 
when constructed of wood with a plaster exterior, but Mr. Winans says 
that there is a difference of fifteen or twenty per cent between the cost 
of concrete and frame construction. 

The Japanese roof treatment gives the building a novel appearance 

and in combination with the beautiful background, makes a decided! 

pleasing picture, and impresses one with the idea of a cozy, comfortable 
little home. 


■> 4 > I 


, % 



• * 

2L. / 


" - 



-w * 


•* : %"• •* 

,. -*i 


m — 

The foundation walls of the house are fourteen inches thick, resting 
on footings twenty to twenty-two inches wide, the ground having been 
previously thoroughly tamped. The chimneys are built entirely of con- 
crete, the flue-lining provided acting as an inside form, thus making the 
construction very economical. Supporting piers and columns are also 
built of concrete. On the inside the walls are lined with two inch terra 
cotta furring. These blocks are set inside the forms, similar to laying 
brick, the concrete being tamped in between the outside forms and the 
terra cotta blocks, the blocks having been previously thoroughly soaked 


with water. It was found that the blocks bonded perfectly to the con- 
crete, and could not be torn loose in any place. The walls were rein- 
forced where necessary, directly over windows, and four horizontal 
courses of ^-inch wire cable, running clear around the house, were im- 
bedded in the concrete, tying the walls together perfectly, acting as a rein- 
forcement against temperature stresses, and making a house practicalh 


The roof of the porch is a six inch slab, reinforced with bars and 
expanded metal. The top of the slab is painted with two coats of weather- 
proof paint, on which was placed a mortar coat, troweled and finished and 
cut into squares as in a sidewalk. This acts as a floor to the opened porch 
above. The floor of the lower porch is a six inch reinforced slab finished 
in the same manner. The roof is of dull red Japanese Pan tile, the tile 
being taken from the run of the kiln, so that there were colors all the way 
from dark purple to salmon, the general effect being a dull red. 

This house has twelve rooms, three baths, and cost $20,000. An ex- 
tract from Mr. Moyer's letter in regard to his house follows: 

"The house was completed in the fall of 1907, and has proven satisfactory in 
every way. No dampm - whatever has penetrated into the house, and no con- 
lensation has taken place on the plastered walls. It has been very cool in sum- 
mer, actual record? s iwing a difference in temperature of eleven degrees between 
the air in the inside of the house and the outside atmosphere. It is warm in 
winter, less than one pound of steam being required during zero weather. 

"N painting will ever be n ed on the outside, except possibly the window 
framt the cost of insurance is infinitesimal; there probably will "not be $10.00 
worth of repairs done in ten years. While the initial cost is high compared with 
frame, the actual cost in ten year-' time will probably be less than frame, if insur- 
ar. , repair- ai '1 painting are taken into consideration." 

- . 

Ornamental Concrete Table and Chairs of Classic Design. 




The home of Mr. James J. Brutton, located at 613 Central Avenue, 
Wilmette, 111., is out of the ordinary on account of its unusual construc- 
tion. It has a monolithic concrete outer wall with an inner wall of con- 
duit tile. One exceptionally good feature of this house is that the electric 

wires are all enclosed in conduit pipe. 

The house was not finished on the outside except to scrub it with 
water and a wire brush while the concrete was still green. The trim is of 
dark wood, and both the porch roof and main ro<>m arc covered with red 
tile. The total cost of this house was $7,500. 

Mr. Brutton is thoroughly satisfied with the house in a general way, 
and says that the investment has proven satisfactory. The house ^ 
practically fire-proof and moisture-proof, and will need no painting or 
repairing. The temperature is uniform, being warm m winter and cool 
in summer, and in the opinion of the owner, a concrete house is very sat- 
isfactory. Universal Portland Cement was used throughout. 





The two little bungalows shown in the above view were designed and 
built by Mr. C. \\ . Fellgren, using his patented system of monolithic con- 
crete construction. 

The one with the tile roof is owned b\ Mr. Arthur F. Weber, and is 
located at 2027 Estes Avenue, Roger^ Park. Illinois, and the total cost 
was $2,922, itemized as follows: 

Excavating j 2o 

Carpentry and interior finish.. 1000 

Cement work, including reinforcement. P *nn 

Plastering . . ' 235 

Plumbing ....... 

£ eating ::: :: PS 

^ inng 35 

Hardware ? c 

Fixtures . . fc 

Glass H 

Painting 2V 

Sheet Metal.. it 

Tile Roofing. ^ 

The building is constructed of solid monolithic concrete and has a 
tile roof and hot water heat. The exterior finish consist- of a rough cast 
plaster coat, tinted red. 

The hou with the shingled root is owned by Mr. Charles R. Carl- 
son, and is located at 2031 Estes Avenue. The' exterior finish n this 
nous was a gray rough i ment plaster coat. The cost including hot 
water heating, was $2,500. 

hmu^' C u TU n W I ites that ,1C is thoroughly satisfied with the building 
both as ; a home and as an im tment. He says the house is fire-proof 
xcept the root and will n, * need any painting r repairing. 

nf wCfTt? P ? rtIand C ^ent was used throughout in the construction 
ui both of these houses. 



A concrete house, sanitary, comfortable, economical and permanent, 
was constructed by the New Enterprise Concrete Machinery Company, of 
Chicago, for Mr. Milton Remley, of Iowa City. la. 

The foundations, basement, and interior partitions of basement are 
of solid concrete; the walls of the house, the porches, including the floor 
and roof, are of monolithic concrete. The continuous, hollow wall sys- 
tem was used in the house above the foundations, and the porch rails, 
floor and roof are of solid construction. The main roof is of red tile. 
The house is 37 feet by 44 feet, the porch in front, 30 feet by 12 feet. 
and on the west, 24 feet by 12 feet, making the total length of the porch 
54 feet. On the kitchen porch is built a concrete refrigerator, with door- 
opening in the kitchen, and the ice chamber opening on the porch. The 
exterior surface of the walls was plastered with cement and sand mortar, 
mixed with a water proofing compound. 

The total cost of this residence was $8,000, itemized as follows : 

Excavating • $ _ \ ^ 

Carpentry and form work omn 

Cement work, including reinforcement i*n 

Plastering ^ 

Plumbing **J 

Heating "" 

Wiring \f 

Hardware *°° 

Fixtures *%\ 

Painting : iZ \ 

Tile roof, copper gutters and lead flashing o-J 

Mantels and fire-places *°0 

Architect and sundries 400 




Mr. Remley gives his opinion of concrete as a building material for 
residence construction in this language : 

"Dear Sir: — I am thoroughly satisfied with my house built of concrete of the 
monolithic hollow wall construction. It appears to be as firm and strong as the 

everlasting rocks. 

"The founda 1 i< n, basement walls, and partitions in basement, and the walls of 
the house are all of concrete. The joist-, floor and roof timbers are of wood. 
The porches are made of concrete throughout. The interior is not entirely finished, 
but so far as I can judge it is entirely satisfactory, and cannot be otherwise than 
warm in winter and cool in the summer. I do not regard it entirely fireproof, but 
very i arly so. The exterior walls are coated with a moisture proof preparation, 
and I see no evidence of any dampness whatsoever. It is apparently free from 

"I no reason i regret my choice of material used in its construction. 

I am thoroughly satis ed that - ment is the most practical and durable, as well 
as economical construction f< r buildings that are intended to be permanent/ 5 

Your- truly, (Signed) Milton Remley. 





■i i 

Tin monolithic concrete residence stands near the intersection of 
Hazel and Sheridan Roads. Glencoe, Illinois. The owner, Mr. John J. 
Flanders, an architect, with offices at 70 Dearborn Street, Chicago, de- 
signed and built this house for himself. 

All of the building, including the pillars, railings, porches and trim, 
excepting the roof, is of solid concrete. The first and second stories are 
constructed with two three-inch walls with a six-inch air space between 
them, the third story construction being a combination of monolithic con- 
crete wall and one-way tile. The exterior finish is a rough cast cement 
plaster coat. The total cost of Mr. Flanders' house was $20,000. 

Mr. Flanders says he is thoroughly satisfied with his residence, that 
it is warm in winter, cool in summer, and fire proof, moisture proof and 
will not need any painting or repairing. 


Ml Nl 



The massive and substantial building shown above is owned by Mr. 
Fred Pabst, Jr., and is the home of Mr. Frank E. Boyle, superintendent 
of the Pabst Estate, at Oconomowoc, Wis., on which the house is situ- 
ated. All of the larger buildings on this estate are of reinforced con- 
crete. Fernekes & Cramer of Milwaukee, designed these buildings, and 
the work was executed by the Newton Engineering Co., of Milwaukee. 

The foundation, basement, outside walls, and some interior parti- 
tions of Mr. Boyle's house are of solid concrete, furred with furring tile. 
The walls were built rough, and one year later the surface finish was put 
on by wetting the walls and applying a dilute hydrochloric acid treat- 
ment. They were then plastered, and finished with a wooden float 
and the surface thus produced was stippled to give the desired 
rough effect. This finish has withstood the test of two winters, and 
thus far has shown no defects. This is truly a fine example of the won- 
derful qualities of concrete, the most adaptable and permanent building 
material. Universal Portland Cement was used throughout. 

Mr. Boyle, in speaking of his house, says: "We have found the 
house absolutely moisture proof, warm in winter, cool in summer, and I 
do not think it will need any painting or repairing for a great many years 
to come." The total cost of this house was $12,000. 



The substantial little house shown in the above photograph is owned 

by Mr. H. D. Hughe of Gurnee. [11., and was distinctl) home-made, for 

it was designed and constructe by Mr. Hughes and his son without other 

help. It is of monolithic concrete, with a continuous air >pace between 

the wall an- has a concrete roc: The surface wa left as it came from 
the form 

The total cost of this little home wa- $1,575, divided as follows : 

C pentry and labor $ 500 

Material for concrete work, including reinforcement ... ."5 

Plastering and expanded i -al lathing 150 

Plumbing - 

Doors and windows. 

Hardware and incidentals 



Painting, mostl oil and varnish nsid 







Mr [ughes wrott as follows 

Gentlemen - 


7T0 ; th w ar satis I with 11- h. 

>us m a l»< 

1 wav 

] i^J U i lg ltl T f ' '' l have sometimes id that I thought it was the 

on house ever built that gave the occupant- the satisfaction that they expected. 
ot) r j tJ . l chan - the plan al all if I were to build an 

Ju V V d thal l " ' "' - the plan at if I 

would very much like to duplicate he hou^e 

again. With the experi- 



ence that I gained in putting up this one I think I could come pretty near getting 
everything exactly right. Originating, planning and executing as I did, every- 
thing myself, I can now see where I could save much time and labor and have 
a better finished job than this. 

"As to an investment it certainly has proved very satisfactory, and the per- 
manency of it is very apparent to every one. I do not see why it will not stand 
as long as any building ever erected. We will not be like the Romans of old 
and say that what we have erected can only fall when the earth falls, but we can 
say that time will have quite a big job on her hands to put it out of commission 
without outside help. 

"I cannot say that the house is entirely fireproof, but only the door and window 
frames appear on the outside for fire to get hold of. We used metal lath, but 
the floors, joists and studding, as well as the rafters and roof boards, are of wood, 

as is also the inside finish. 

'The door and window frames, and doors and sash, will require painting. But 
that is a job that any man can do for himself at odd times, so that the only ex- 
pense incurred will be for material. The concrete walls and shingles will never 
need painting or repairing if the work is done as it should be in the first place. 

"Everybody tried to scare me with the idea that we would have a damp hous< 
but I cou'd see no reason for it if the walls were hollow. We built hollow walls 
above the basement, and if anything the air is too dry in the house, as is evidenced 
by the drying out of all furniture, etc. It is certainly moisture proof. 

'! think the idea of making the shingles of concrete, and making them on the 
roof is the best work that I did in the whole matter. If the idea could be brought 
before the building world in the right way, so that they could realize the full value 
of it, I think that the method would become almost universal, and the spread of 
fire in that direction would be a thing of the past; and the expense of the roof 
be reduced to the minimum/' 

With best wishes and full faith in concrete, I am, 

Very sincerely yours, 

(Signed) H. D. Hughes. 

Ornamental Tablet in Cast Cement 




This cottage was built by an entirely new method of construction. 
The outside trim, the foundations and porch are of solid concrete, the 
walls being constructed of cement slabs, ^ inch thick, twenty-two inches 
wide, and forty-eight inches long, which were nailed to the sheathing, 
pc ted up, and then covered with a rough cast coat of mortar, composed 
of Universal Portland Cement hydrated lime, and cinders. This cottage 
has five rooms, a bath and hot water heat, and c st $1,825, itemized a~ 

Kxcavating $ 3o 

Carpentry and interior finish. 93O 

Cement or concrete work 530 

Plastering . . 120 

Plumbing 13- 

Wiring 15 

Hardware 35 

Painting ... 30 

The cottage is located at 3804 Fir Street, Indiana Harbor, Indiana, 
and Mr. Benjamin Roop is the owner, architect and builder. 




This little monolithic concrete house is located in Lake Bluff, Illinois, 
and was designed and built by the owner, Mr. Sherwin Cody. The wall- 
were built hollow, with a continuous air space, the exterior surface being 
washed to expose the aggregates. The interior has a cement plaster coat, 
sand finished, and the trim is white pine, stained dark. The basement 
has concrete partitions, and cement steps and floor. The house is con- 
veniently arranged, is heated by hot water, and has the electric wiring 

in conduits. 

In speaking of his house Mr. Cody gives his opinion of concrete as 

a building material. He says : 

"I found the cost a little more than brick. The difference is only on the wall 
however, and perhaps $300 more than wood. This is not much on a $4,000 house, 
for all the other items are the same. Insurance is lower, and I believe repairs 
will be very much lower, showing more than 10 per cent interest on the extra 

V « 



Cement Block 

Tile Houses 

with Cement Plaster Exteriors 


VERY excellent type of a home is that in 


which the construction 
blocks or cement tile, plastered on the 
exterior with a coating of cement. This 
gives a very substantial wall and if the 
interior is properly built, the house 
should be permanent, durable and fire- 
proof. The several houses following will explain in more 
detail this type of building which is rapidly growing in 

» / 




POP rLAr> D 


The r ice Dr. rge E. Harter, Elkhart, [ndiana, is a distinct 

parture in d< tan. n of material-, and pfenning. It represent 

the way in which ion Archil tur jhould be adapted to modern hou 

. ning. Mure simplicity has be< - ught, the designer r usly 

avoiding all intricate arabe an and -11 work, which are thought, b 

me, to constituti and characteri ■ th< Mission work. The house was 
"esigned 1 Mr. E. Hill Turnock, and built b\ Mr. I\ l\ Loi cher. both 
of Elkhart. 

The location f this h< s< irmined, in a large measure, its rather 

inusual character, i r it 1- situated on the north bank of the St. fo 
Rn The ri-, r front beii the south jure, it was n< to 

locate th verand; and bal« s on tin- front, making but a simple 
entrance on Beanhlc Avenue. 

rials us 1 in the i nstruction oi the foundations and wall 
this ' < b ck reinfor 1 with st« quin 

th e gr Th« watertaWe ►urse, sills, baluster pier 

ca I nrn ^ and other ornamental work were- meted [ con- 

cre Wl sili< sand and cement, v. 

Th u v the s. ond story window sill, wen th 

a rr ' 1 '■' 1 ' f< ent mortar, tinted a it tan 

1C ! fij " d Spanish tilt unbroken 1, rmers, and all casting 

01 an <* ™ice membei are 4 rough cypn ained 

Vandyke brown, the sash and fram< being pur. whit. The 1 d 

cc ol this home was $8 00. 

a tiin gray color. 



Prof. James M. White, of the Department of Architecture of the 
University of Illinois designed this large practical residence for Dr. If. 
C. Howard of Champaign, 111. 

The walls of the house are built of concrete blocks with a double 
air-space, the work being mostly done by clay labor, under the supervision 
of Dr. Howard and Prof. White. The outside of the building has a 
white plaster finish, made by using a mixture of cement and white sand, 
and the corners are water-proofed with paraffine. The cost of the resi- 
dence was $10,000. 

Dr. Howard says that he is thoroughly satisfied with his residence in 
all respects and that the investment has proven satisfactory. He does 
not think it will need painting or repairing, as he says there is nothing to 
paint but the doors, windows and casings. He also wrote that the house 
is cool in summer, warm in winter, and saves over forty per cent of fuel 





The house shown in the ah ve photograph is constructed of cement 

tile with a finish of two coats of cement plaster, smooth troweled. The 

railings, steps, pillars, window and door sills, and lintels arc constructed 

of concrei The total cost of this residence was $3200, itemized as fol- 
lows : 

Excavating $ 30 

Carpentry and interior finish 1 600 

Cement ork, including reinforoenx m 785 

Plastering lg0 

Plumbing ... . . 240 

Heating ... 130 

Hardware An 

Glass 60 

Pa,ntin * •• 135 

The residence is owned by Mr Vaughn, and it is situated on Glen- 
a . : t, Youngstown. Ohio. The building contract was held by the 
Concrete Stone & ind C mpany of that city. Mr. Frank Kyler. 
S ruthers, hio. did the plastering, and Mr. Henderson, of Youngstown. 
was the general contractor. 

The above house is what might be called a convertible cottage. 

is the property of Mr. Harvey B. Smith of Minneapolis, and is built on 
the rear of his lot at Lake Harriet near Minneapolis. The architect wa^ 
Mr. Jacob Stone, Jr., Security Bank Building, Minneapolis, and the gen- 
eral contractor was the H. N. Leighton Company, also of Minneapolis. 
The contractor for the cement work was Nelson Bros. Paving & Con- 
struction Co., of Minneapolis. 

The building proper is designed for a garage, and has a basement, 
ground floor and attic. It is constructed of cement block which is plas- 
tered on the outside with a rough cast coat of one part cement to three 
parts small screened pebbles. The walls were then water-proofed with 
a water-proofing compound mixed with the cement mortar. The chim- 
ney is built of cobble stones laid in cement mortar, and the main floor is 
of concrete six inches thick with a two-inch sidewalk finish. Universal 
Portland Cement was used throughout. The porch is of temporary con- 
struction, cement plaster on lath, and will be torn away when the contem- 
plated residence of the owner is erected on the front of the lot. The lit- 
tle cottage will then be used as a garage. 

Carper : £ -~ 

Cement work, roc lad 


Plum': - j 


In regard to the building ( : t 
ing couM be duplicated : r S : X) 

- i 

Mr. = th sa build- 

a- there was a £reat deal of 

changing ith c 

nt and I ss o ' I 



v nd Co : Youngstown, Ohio, co: tructed 

* r O twel!. a real estate firm The c 

c ■ house 'X no plumbing or mantels tx ig included in thi 


T: be a are f ncr e tile throughc the part 

* e r_taI avin an exterior c of cen ph er. Both 

r being 


p i to are covered with it- he porch 



ame type c dwelling are to be on 



The above house and garage, rather striking in appearance because of 
the white surface and dark trimmings is located at 1618 Ohio Avenue, 
Youngstown, Ohio, and was designed by the owner, Mr. F. H. Ray. 
The Concrete Stone & Sand Co. built this house, using cement tile for the 
walls and partitions. The floors are of reinforced concrete. ?}■ inches 
thick, and the exterior surface consists of two coats of cement plaster, 
float finished and applied directly to the tile. 

The total cost of this handsome little residence and 



$5,200, itemized as follows : 

Excavating $ 150 

Carpentry and form work 2,100 

Cement work, including reinforcement 1,405 

Plastering 250 

Plumbing 400 

Heating 135 

Wiring 85 

Hardware 100 

Fixtures 90 

Glass 220 

Painting - 265 

Mr. Ray says that he is perfectly satisfied with the house; the in- 
vestment has proven satisfactory ; the house is moisture proof, and prac- 
tically fire-proof. His letter follows: 

tile I s ;:: 

be £ ph e: I de 

keep of 7 . : 

-"- £_5i ooTered bv ^r - 

biiilL i he pn:t wis 5; high I 

:>id c 

- - * - ■ **" t 

hat had 

low : ^ 

7: - thi 

w3od to me thtrt 

an: rii^ld 
^ 4 be 3f 

• ha die up- 
5<cnrri a bid for a brick 

u:r ie plat a 

but wt 

•-- i ^ar a 

IJ • appearance so modi tl 



T ho* 

me. I 

*- — r* _ [ our* c 

~:- urirtur 


1 : c a 
1 - 




I a? 

" -: 

■T-tr* ^ :heni_ 

each * : *£:tr :he> hi: : od 

^r : h : ; 

tough wa :o mal a 


h ; _ 

c resnb 

: r 

I : 2 





~" 7 r 



-an a b 


: r : r.T::h-. 


e: I 



». -. — - . - 


-'- - r: 

- - : ' ? - +~y k:rd today 

od or ick- 2: ar 

lead all otb er mater 
:an answer 

I moal lo 

\ on -ml (Signed) 

d be 




:■' :-: 




Haworth. New Jersey, probably has, in proportion to it- -ize. more 
houses of concrete than any other town. Various types are in evidence. 
and different systems of construction are used. The story and a half 
cement house seems to be very popular. 

One of these, the residence of Mr. F. S. E. Gunnell, is shown in the 
above photograph. It was designed by Mr. A. C. Pauli, of New York, 
and built by the Haworth Store and Building Company, of Haworth, N. 
J. The cost of the house complete was $6,500. 

The foundations are constructed of rock-face cement block. Above 
the foundations, smooth faced block were used, the exterior finish being 
a smooth troweled coat of Portland cement mortar. The porch is con- 
structed entirely of concrete. 

Mr. Gunnell is well satisfied with his house, both as an investment and 
as a home, and says that it is warm in winter, and cool in summer. 





This ven room, plastered concrete block house has just been com- 
pleted by the Western Cement Construction Company, of Mayw< 1, Il- 
linois, nd is located at Eighth Avenue and Fifteenth Street, in Maywood. 
It is heated by hot water, and is equipped with a colonial fireplace, buffet 
a 1 oak and pine trim. It will need no painting or repairing, is prac- 
tically fireproof, and has a >ncrel roof. The total cost of construction 
was S.\400. 








A little departure from the usual in bungalow design is shown in the 
residence of Mr, Henry A. Tobelmann, of Warren, Arizona. The building 
is constructed entirely of cement blocks, the smooth faced blocks being 
plastered with a mixture of 1 : 2 Portland cement. The house was de- 
signed by Mr. Fred Hurst, of Bisbee, Arizona; Olson & Mott, of that 
place, being the general contractors and Mr. A. E. Hurst having charge of 
the cement work. 

The total cost of the place was $2,200, itemized as follows : 

Excavating $25 

Carpentry and interior finish 990 

Cement work, including reinforcement 450 

Plastering 260 

Plumbing 180 

Wiring 40 

Hardware , 60 

Fixtures 60 

Painting 135 

That the house is satisfactory is proved by the following: 

"The building has been found most satisfactory in every way. This climate 
is known for its dryness, as well as for its sudden changes of temperature between 
day and night. Houses built of wood do not last long in this climate, and until 
the advent of cement blocks, no houses were as suitable for the peculiar condition 
existing in the southwest, as adobe or mud structures. The general objection to 
adobe was its attraction for centipedes, scorpions, etc. A cement block house is 
absolutely tight and proof against these conditions. Another objection to adobe 
houses was the fact that plaster would not adhere to the walls for any length of 

"The investment has been satisfactory. The cost, although slightly more than 
wood, is not excessive and will readily be repaid in a short time. The house is 
not fireproof, but I am charged only one-half the insurance rates that are charged 
to wooden structures in the same neighborhood. No repairs, except on wooden 
parts of house, will be necessary. 

"It is warmer in winter and cooler in summer, and warmer at night and cooler 
during the day than any wooden house I have been in in the territory. Have 
never experienced any indications of the moisture penetrating the walls. From 
about June 15th to September 15th we have rain nearly every day. This consti- 
tutes our rainy season. Even during our heaviest showers we have experienced no 
trouble," (Signed) Henry A. Tobelmann, 

No, 874 Warren, Cochise Co., Arizona, 


Cement Block Houses 

EMENT block 

• ill 

gments such as sand 
)ken stone, united bv Portl 


formed bv means 

of moulds into blocks. They may be 
regarded as artificial stone. 

Cement blocks were probably the 
a: ::r~ of concrete used in residence construction. 

They are 

machines i such a way that practi 


ca / any kind of a surface may be had. In the early 
development of the cement block industry, the mistake 

! of making the blocks in imitation of stone, and 
as based upon their resembling natural build- 
The success or the industry seemed to depend 
-pon the ability of the block makers to imitate stone, 
and here it was .hat the cement block met its greatest ob- 
stacle. It soon fell into disrepute with architects and 
persons of taste and judgment. 

The rock-face type of cement block is, however, grad- 
ually falling out of use. and is being supplanted by ce- 
ment blocks which pretend to be nothing but cement 
blocks. These are rapidly finding great favor, both 
among architects builders and home owners 

Plain faced cement block 

^ 1 

and blocks vertic 


horizontally tooled, beveled 






This square, practical concrete block house was designed by James 
Gilmore, Fourth National Bank Building, Cincinnati, Ohio. It is located 
on the southeast corner of Oakland and Paddock Road-, Cincinnati, and 
was built by the owner, Mr. E. W. Wampler. 

The foundations are built of solid concrete, and the walls above the 
water table are of smooth faced concrete blocks, with plain cement mor- 
tar joints. The exterior surfaces are not water proofed. 

The total cost of this residence was $6,325, itemized as follows: 

Excavating $ 200 

Carpentry and interior finish 2,400 

Cement work, including reinforcement 1,600 

Plastering 350 

Plumbing . 400 

Heating 400 

Wiring 50 

Hardware , 75 

Fixtures 100 

Glass 75 

Painting 150 

Sheet Metal 125 

Tile Roof 400 

Mr. Wampler's letter concerning his residence follows : 

"Gentlemen: — In reference to my residence, which is made of cement blocks, 
would say that I am perfectly satisfied with the construction in every particular, 
and consider it absolutely fireproof, warm in winter and cool in summer. 

Have experienced no difficulty with moisture, and as there is practically no 
wood work about its construction, I do not expect paint bills to bother me. 

I cannot see where any other form of construction has anything on cement and 
can cheerfully and unhesitatingly recommend this form of construction to anyone 
desiring a good substantial home." Yours truly, 

(Signed) E. W. Wamplek. 


An excellent example of a cement block house is the residence of 
Mr. Joseph P. Sherer, which is located at 5(>7 Summit Avenue. Milwau- 
kee. Wis., and which was designed and built by the owner. 

It is constructed of two-pi< e cement bl< k. and built in the Mission 
style of architecture. The interior was plastered directly on to the blocks 
with no furring, while the exterior was plastered only above the second 
story. niversal Portland Cement wa- used throughout. 

The total cost of this residence was $13,500. Mr. Sherer says the 
house is warm in winter, cool in summer and moisture pn He i 

thoroughly satisfied with the building, and the investment has proven sat- 
isfactory. He consider^ the house fireproof. 





An attr ivi ncreti tiler liden ris owned b) the Miss I 
1545 Ohio \ :nue, Youn I wn, Ohio. The owners, ; isl lb 
tractor, Mr. Wm. Christie, 178 Silver Stre. I i ;ned the I nd Mi 

Frank I Kyler, ol Struthers, Ohi< id 1 ■ > nt v. rk. I 
was left mi] istered, pt under the ibl when i\ \\ r 

Tli total i ' i this hou was S4j 44. 


w ipplied. 

F.x < 

("arpentrv > work 

rk. includii tnt'orcem 



1 i 

W irincr 

H ardware 

Fixtures • 






\p extract from the letter the Mis* s Hopkins wrote regarding th 

house, follows : 

I Ik exter I tb * h the 




ir n 

1 1 

The effi the it bl . th their s 1 color is of an 

old English stone hoi and we wished to i in thai fleet. 

\\ e empl- no architect, but with the . inc< the 

contractor drew up 


plai t many peopl I from 1 cement to r 

it :,.-> *• ic v 11 .-■iiKtrn 1 nt mt 


nd 11 nc that it is a well constni 

The M 5 Hopkins ah v that their hot ire-proo rt urt 

ers it fireproof, and the only painting needed will be on the window 
frames and interior. The house is warm in winter, cool in summer and 
moisture-proof. Dr. Karst's letter reads in part: "It is perfectly san- 
itarj . and I w uld build of no other material than this. I have lived in 
frame, brick and stone house-, but have never had one so dry and satis- 
factor in every way as this. I hav lived for four year- in this house 
and can see nothing that will call for repairs. There is one thing about 
my house which appeals strongly. We never hear anything from the out- 
side. No noises seem to penetrate, although we have but single window 
fitted with patent weather-strips. We know nothing about the weather. 

_ _ & a 

her than what we can see through the windows, unti^ve gc i outside/ 

An excellent examp] of a cement block house is the residence of 
Mr foseph P. Sherer, which is located at 567 Summit Avenue, Milwau- 
kee, Wis., and which was designed and built by the owner. 

It is c< tructed of two-piece cement block, and built in the Mission 
style of architecture. The interior was plaster lirectly on to the blocks 
with no furring, while the exterior was plastered only above the second 
story. Universal Portland Cement was used throughout. 

The total cost of this residence was $13,500. Mr. Sherer says the 
house is warm in winter, cool in summer and moisture pr of. He is 
thoroughly satisfied with the building, and the investment has proven sat- 
sfactory. He considers the house fireproof. 



An attractive concrete tile residence is owned by the Misses Hopkins, 
1545 Ohio Avenue, Youngstown, Ohio. The ownei assisted by the con- 
tractor, Mr. Wm. Christie, 178 Silver Street, designed the house and Mr. 
Frank J Kyler, of Struthers, Ohio, did the cement work. The house 
was left unplasterecL except under the gables, where a pebble dash plaster 
was applied. The total cost of this house was $4,744, itemized as iollow s : 

rr ^ .. % 140 

Excavating • 2 101 

Carpentry and form work 1203 

Cement work, including reinforcement ■ ' 3Q() 

Plastering 240 

Plumbing 14Q 

Heating ■ ...... 80 

Wiring 90 

Hardware '.'.'.'. jqq 

Fixtures ' ' ' ' 200 

Glass 150 

Painting , 

An extract from the letter the Misses Hopkins wrote regarding the 
house, follows : 

The exterior of the bodv of the house was left unplastered at our request. 
The effect of the cement blocks with their shades of original color is that of an 
old English stone house, and we wished to retain that effect. 

We employed no architect, but with the assistance of the contractor drew ud 
our plans. A great many people have inspected the house from basement to root 
and all concede that it is a well constructed and a convenient home. 

The Misses Hopkins also say that their house is fire-proof, moisture- 
proof, warm in winter and cool in summer, and that it will not need any 
painting or repairing ; that they are thoroughly satisfied with the building 
in a general wav. and that the investment has proven satisfactory. 



A large, substantial concrete block house, which is exceedingly in- 
teresting because it is entirely different from anything of its kind, is lo- 
cated in Monticello, Indiana. It is the home of Mr. D. C. Meeker, and 
was built under his direct supervision at a total cost of $7,000. It was 
designed by Mr. Samuel Young of Monticello. 

The most unusual feature of the house is the four stately column 
standing in pairs on each side of the entrance steps. These are construc- 
ted entirely of monolithic concrete. 

The foundation is built of rock-faced block, and the body of the 
house is of smooth-faced block with an alternate arrangement of two 
sizes of the stones. The corners continue this same arrangement of 
width, but rock faced block are used in forming the pilasters. The 
blocks used in the house were made by the wet process, the rock faced 
block t>« ig made of a mixture of one part cement to three parts sand, 
and the smooth faced bl ks of one part cement to seven part- sand. 

Mr. Meeker in speaking of his house says: "The house has been sat- 
isfactory for three years. No dampness noticed on the interior and 
walls do not si w dampn< 3 only slightly after rain. The dead appear- 
ance of most concreti walls is entirely absent. We have -lone consider- 
able work -in part of it waterproofed, made with tamped blocks, bn 

none 01 it shows up in comparison with the blocks made bv tin .vet pro- 
cess" ' ' 





This smooth-faced concrete block house was built by the Western 
Cement Construction Co., of Maywood, Illinois, and is located at 8th 
Ave. and 15th St., in Maywood, 111. Mr. F. T. Bailey is the owner. 

The total cost of construction was $3,500, and the house has seven 
rooms and an attic. The walls, porch, steps, roof and coal bin are of 
concrete. The building is heated by hot water, and is equipped with a 
buffet, colonial fireplace, combination colonial fixtures, and oak trim. 



c ~ 

•!& ft 



Qement Plaste 
Wooden Frame 


HE several houses illustrated in the sec- 
tion immediately following are those of 
the cement plaster on wooden frame 
type of construction. This style has 
met with a great deal of favor in subur- 
ban communities, is comparatively 
cheap and at the same time elegant and 
comfortable. Homes of this form of construction will be 
found in all colors and combinations of colors. One Chi- 
cago firm has a cement plaster composition on the market 
and state that they offer four thousand different shades 
of colors for cement house exteriors. Houses of this type 
are not fireproof. 




A arg • my hou milt along thon \ ily practical lin< ituato 

at 9901 Longv 1 Bl\ Chicag and the hotn< of Mr. Xcl 1 L. 

t w litect Mr. Francis M. Hart i, M linah 

'J mple. indwa uilt 1 Mr. John i lss. 

it^ bi 

»a • white p' -urface iv- if the effect < a 

ant I co lence. he co^t o this hou 00.00, and a 

more comforta | ielike re ice, u 1 h would give as much sat- 

ractl ntoh 11 built pric Mr. Buck 

plea th his h • si his inv< nent en 

• r 



Mrs. C. K. Parmelee's residence in Kenilworth, Illinois, is a good 
example of modern stucco work. The house is of frame construction, 
and was built by Mr. T. B. Carson, of Evanston, Illinois, and was de- 
signed by Mr. George W. Maher, of Chicago. 

The finish is a gray rough cast coat of Portland cement plaster ap- 
plied to metal lath, the work being done by Hanson & Hath, of Winnetka. 
111. The total cost of this residence was $14,164, which includes a num- 
ber of unnecessary things, such as an aluminum clothes dryer, extra 
mantel decoration, etc. 

In speaking of her home, Mrs. Parmelee says : 

"Gentlemen:— My house has proved most satisfactory in every particular, and I 
am delighted with it. It is entirely free from moisture, and I have found it bo tn 
warm in winter and cool in summer. I consider Portland cement the ideal build- 
ing material for suburban and country houses not only for comfort and utility 
but for beauty. It is highly artistic and lends itself most gracefully to almost 
any kind of architecture." V %3j^W Cha«*s K. P*m» 


An inl 

nple of Mr. Frank Lli I Wright finality of 

14 L01 Blvd., Chic It is wned bv Mi 

< W Evan I was bi t b\ Mr. John Wilkins n. 1757 West 102nd 

St Chicag 

One ~ ld< i em inters - beautiful a pic ire a- this bung w 
mak nth i irr mding the foliag at ii best PI I high 

tnd ._ the I with a wide ing lawn in 

the : reground and a dark green bad nd of shrubbery, it indeed 

present charming picture, impr g me with the ea of a coin- 

able home. 


The long raki-h bungalow effect obtained by the of Japane 

mak this a jue 1 artistic r iden< The- t I cost w 

ooo. : 



me ( ■ structi< n with dark trim 

and light trim n the inside, 1 tli txterior coat 


•la I fini? I cement the hous mak 

al :- its pur] Tj main part of the 1 ;r flooi a 1; 

ring oom the up| floor being n ed I bedr and the like. 

,f t] ir at tlle is a dinini ith a | >cher 

at the ev the other wing is an n-air porch which ed 

a~ a ■•. ing- room in summer. 

The 1 e exten acr the lot. but with the open \ rch at 

id and the driv at the other, one \ through the hoi id 

a ,n T: ' an admirable example f adaptabilit rating that 

he re ence can be. and sh d be. constructed to ;u the groun 


This unique little bungalow is the home of Mr. Jordan B. Cottle, 
7114 Palmer Ave., Chicago, 111. It was designed by Mr. R. W. Zimmer- 
man, a Chicago architect, and the contractor for the cement work was Mr. 
Wm J. ^'oodard, 1438 East 55th St.. the general contractor being Mr. 

Wm. Crow. 04th St. and Madison Ave. 

The house is of frame construction, the upper half covered with a 
rough cast plaster coat, composed of a mixture of cement and small cin- 
ders. The dark wood forms a pleasing contrast with the white strips and 
cornice boards, the horizontal lines being thus accentuated. 

The total cost of this little bungalow was $4,500, itemized as follows 

Carpentry, interior finish and plastering $2,800 

T , t- 300 







Painting and decorating 







Mr. Cottle is thoroughly satisfied with the building and says the in- 
vestment has proven satisfactory, and that the house is decidedly moisture- 



( RTI 



On Kenil worth Avenue, in Oak Park. Illinois, the residence of Mr. 

C. ] Matthew 1< ted. 


he Chi< j hit almadg & Wat >n; Mr. J. S. Bernard >f Oak 

Park, having the gem il c tract, and Mr. J. \Y. Farr, of I >ak Park, th 
cement work. 

The building is of frame i istruction, with a cemeni plaster exterior 

a 1 a 1 cone foundation. The exterior finish was applied I one 

inch wood lath, the first two c being Portland menl mortar, the last 

coat comp I of \ lite Portland cement, stone screening water-pn >fing 
and color. 

Mr Matthews is thoroi lily satisfied with his residence, and con- 
iders a plaster 1 use very exi llent for his needs. 



The residence shown in the above photograph is the home of Mr. 
George A. Lougee. and is situated on Ingersoll Street, Madison. Wiscon- 
sin Claude & Starck of Madison designed this building, and their de- 
signs were executed by Mr. Joseph Tyrell, Mr. T. C. McCarthy being the 
contractor for the cement work. Both the contractors are located in 


The foundations of the house are solid concrete, the building proper 

being a frame structure veneered with tile to which a rough cast plaster 
coat was applied. The total cost was $15,940, itemized as follows : 

. $6,604 

Carpentry and form work v _ 

Cement work ' 

. you 

S as T. ,nB :;:::::.. 1.600 

f T ,umbmg 1,050 


Wirin 8 250 

Hardware "'.'.'.'.'.'.'.[ 600 

FlXtUreS 450 

Glass 7 Q 

Painting and decorating » 

Sheet Metal and slate ™ 4 

™* :*::::::::::::: nl 


Mr. Lougee is thoroughly satisfied with his home, and says that it is 
moisture-proof, warm in winter and cool in summer, and will not need 
any painting or repairing, except on the wood trimming-. One desira- 
ble feature of this hous is the tile furring. Thi- mak the building 
slow burning and the temperature of the inside mure uniform. 


Another of Architect Frank Lloyd Wright's designs is the unique 
and attractive house of Prof. E. A. Gilmore, of the University of Wis- 

The long, rakish Japanese roofs and balconies are in evidence, while 
the broad panels of smooth, white cement plaster, accentuated bv rough 
dark trim, give the residence a marked individuality. 

Mr. George Bischoff, a contractor, did the construction work, and the 
total cost of the place was $10,000. Prof. Gilmore is verv well pleased 
with his house, and regards the investment as entirely satisfactory. 


The building shown above is the home of Mr. Frank B. Webster, 
and is located in Hinsdale, Illinois. Perkins & Hamilton, Hartford Build- 
ing, Chicago, were the designers, and Mr. Ole Anderson, of LaGrang* 
111.* and Mr. D. R. Brail, of Hinsdale, were the contractors, the former of 

the framework, and the latter of the cement work. 

The total cost of the dwelling was $10,500. Mr. Webster is satisfied 
with his house, both as a home and as an investment. He says that it is 
moisture-proof, warm in winter and cool in summer, and will not need 
any painting or repairing. 




I he summer home oi Mr. Herman J. Jbsser, a Milwaukee architect, 
is located at Cedar Lake. \\ i-consin. The general contractor for the 
building was Mr. Otto Boettcher, Schlesingerville, Wisconsin, and for 
the cement work, Ernst Jahn & Sons, 908 Burleigh Street, Milwaukee, 

The house is of frame construction, the exterior finish being thre 
coats of Portland cement mortar on wood lath. The last coat is colored 
buff, and has a rough surface which was produced by splashing water on 
the plaster with a broom. 

The total cost of the house was S",300, itemized as follow - : 

Excavating .... . , $ 300 

Carpentry and interior finish ... 3,800 

Cement work . . .50 

Plastering 450 

Plumbing . ... ... 600 

Heating . 450 

Wiring ... ... 75 

Hardware . . ... 85 

Fixtures 140 

Glass . . 7 5 

Painting 550 

Sheet Metal 225 

Mr. Esser -ays: "I am more than pleased and satisfied with cement 
plaster, as to its wearing qualities and general appearance. The plaster- 
ing has not cracked and looks as well as the day it was finished; the house 
s cool in summer, and absolutely moisture-proof. -- 


A unique pis I r p iden ! * I ks A\ k 

Park, 111 It w; «! I b) Mr I E. White irk, and i 

home V!r. I V Helder. The hew is of t nn 
with .m • rior coat of rough ^t m t pi r 24 { 1 

expan I m< il lath. Tin plaster was mi* 1 in prop t' tv 

■iK- of lime and ment. Th hou w not uat -[ ! • t th 
found which \\ tt of 

rhe total i t of this litth r no va> S4 Mr. Helder, ii 

peaking of his housi say lvc no h itancy in layii ire ver 

vs ell pleased with our ment house, which we ha\ uf 1 for thr 

lts, The hou has I nothi „ r I r re] in ind gv s indi 

| mtinuing to do 1 the only paintin n the sm; 

amow I * dwork, mprising r and rind I inn 

porch fl W« ha md the place cool and pl< tin mnw 

a 1 it has required no n re fuel 1 ep comfortable in \ nter than we 

us 1 in <>nr flat in the cit\ in spit the large gh area We 1 e 

xperien d n trouble \ iatever fr n m* stun I the metal lath, 

where th ame beg * ; *' .ination, diov not the least n 

of n We rtainlv sat'el the use of cement conduction. 

where th frame structure is contemplate I. 

\nother teatun rticularlv noticeable to me h. been the al ence 
of all vibration. < n during the hig! >t winds when the hou^e stood alone 
with vacant property on all -ides of it 

I 7 



Another very attractive house, designed by a Chicago architect, Mr. 
George W. Maher, is tin home of Mr. Kmil Rudolph, and is located at 

Highland Park, Illinois. 

The contractor for the building was Mr. Fred Clow of Highland 

Park. The house is of wooden frame construction, plastered on metal 
lath ith two coats of Portland cement mortar, the latter being rough- 
cast and containing two per cent of water-] proofing compound. To this 
surface two or three coats of a light green paint were applied, which ren- 
red the i lor uniform. Tin total cost of this residence was between 
^10,000 and Si 2.000. 

Ir. Rudolph says: 

The building wa- erected three years a 

, and 

the cement exterior is just as good as new. ( Hir house is warm in winter 
nd i >1 in summer, and I attribute this in some degree to the use <>f th 

w ah r-proohng cement." 


\ 1 1 k 1 1 1 - ■ 1 1 1 < ■ tin i ( 1 1 1 C ) f 

if : i i tive wil the i 1 >m I I the 

■ S kt hi, of M m Cil i 

hi iv n fran h< u w ith 

plaster I he t lal and 1 t tl I 

ba n ont i la k 



* I 




I 1 1 v Ik 

was ex I unci | 

f \ I i 

I [ovd W riirht. Tl 

t 1 

! h ki that hi> h 

Ii I ul ii nunt i it it i^ w i \ 

hut. tn ur ■ nil u 

n< » pair ; or I ■ _; 



This house is owned by Mr. C. W. Spofford and situated at 2242 
Orrington Ave Evan-ton, Illinois. The long veranda, with it- square 
column- a I numerous arch< the large plain walls with their ornamental 
mounting-, c mbine to make a most interesting type of residence. Mr. 
Edgar Ovet Blake, 621 Davis Street, Evanston, Illinois, was the architect 
It Peter Thelen, of Wilmette, the carpenter, and the contractor for th 
ement work wa- the firm of Uecker & Forbeck, of Evanston. 

The house is of wooden frame construction, with a plaster exterior 
coating, but an unusual method of insulation was used. Tar paper wa 
attached to the pine sheathing, then y 2 inch furring strip 1 ! _> inche 
wi e were nailed on 12 inch center-. Painted metal lath was tacked to 
the furring and then three coats of Portland Cement plaster wen applied 
and smooth finished. The plaster on the chimney was applied directly t 
the brick- The front porch and steps and basement fl< rs were made of 

colid ronrn n and the total r *t of ihr r idence wa ^10.000. 


This little bungalow was designed by Mr. H. H. Waterman, a Chi- 
cago architect, and is situated on the Ridge at 10036 Longwood Blvd. 
It is the home of Mr. O. W. Paque, and was built for him by Mr. John 


Trft principle of the house being built to fit the lot is illustrated here. 

The lay of the land was exactly suited for a low, flat building, and Mr. 

Paque's bungalow seems to fit in as if the location was made for the 

house instead of the house for the location. A pleasing feature is the 

foundation of field stones. Above the foundation the house is constructed 

of wood with a white exterior coat of rough cast plaster on metal lath. 

The total cost of the house was $9,000, itemized as follows : 

Carpentry and form work $2,500 

Material for concrete work, including reinforcement 1,200 

Plastering 700 

Plumbing 67d 

Heating 'I 3 

Wiring \f 

Hardware *j! u 

Fixtures 250 

Glass, plate ?00 

Painting 300 

Sheet Metal If 

Tile floors, etc 250 

Walks, etc., "Cement" 275 

Screens, weather strips 150 

Hot water 125 

Decorations 500 

Architect 45 ° 

Total $9,000 

Mr, Paque is thoroughly satisfied with his house, both as a home 
and as an investment, and considers it an ideal residence. 


The first glance at the photo- raph above would lead one to think 
that this was a monolithic concrete house. The massive chimney, walls 
and the heavy portals impress solidity and permanence upon one's mind 
and it is hard to believe that this is a wooden frame house with a cement 
plaster coat. It was designed b\ Mr. George W. Malier of Chicago and 
is located in Warwick Place. Kenilworth, 111., and owned by Mr, Henr> 

\Y. Schultz. 

The total cost of this r< sidence was $10,3'M, itemized as follows : 

Carpenl form work 1 excavat - • • $5,30 J 

Cement work and plastering 1,093 

Plumbing . . 862 

Heating • • ■ 603 

Wiring 130 

Hardware ■ * 

F tures . ™4 

Glass and art glass *15 

Painting . 5 

Miscellai • 1,000 

In the opinion of Mr. Schultz. his residence is just about all that a 
house should be, as the tone of his letter indicates: 

— F ing to your favor of the 4th ii I am pl< sed b it 

althc n of fir roof ruction my build g has b en tirely > 

r:iinting and otl nses are redu d to a minimum. The house 

can be kepi surprisingly cool in summer, and on the other hand i? just as ea ly 
heated in cold weather.' The<- are fad- due entirely to the type of construction 
used Verj truly yours, 

(Signed) Hf.nby W. Schultz. 


This large substantial house was designed by Beers & Beers, Orches- 
tra Building, Chicago, and is the home of Mr. Edward Middle-ton, 303 

Grove Ave., Oak Park, 111. 

It is a wooden frame house with No. 18 galvanized wire cloth over 
corrugated metal furring on both the interior and exterior. Three coats 
of plaster were put i >n the exterior, the last coat being rough cast. Univer- 
sal Portland Cement was used. 

The total cost of this house was $16,992, distributed as follows: 

Excavating $ *"■> 

Carpentry and form work 4,947 

Cement work, including reinforcement 1,420 

Plastering 2 « 442 

Plumbing . • - • l » M2 

Heating 857 

Wiring 179 

Hardware ^ 

Fixtures • S88 

Glass 20 

Painting ' l 

STieet Metal 1So 

Property 3,000 

Architectural services 700 

Miscellaneous 508 

Total $16,992 

Mr. Middleton's letter regarding his house reads: 

"Gentlemen: — I wish to express my entin satisfaction with the results obtained 
through the use of Universal Portland Cement, which forms the entire finish of my 
residence, Grove Ave. and Randolph St., Oak Park, III. 

I selected Universal Cement for my own residence as my experience with the 
many different brands offered proof that this brand would give the satisfaction 
desired for first class work. 

The interior as well as the exterior is lathed w T ith No. 18 Galvanized Wire 
Lath; in this way any serious damage by conflagration is avoided. 

The cost could have been materially reduced had I used the ordinary form 
of wood iath construction instead of the wire lath throughout. 

I am satisfied from tin outlook that should I d ire to sell the property the 
investment would prove satisfactory. 

There is no sign of a break or crack in the exterior work, and the finish, 
which is the natural color of the cement, will not require painting. 

One particular feature of a house of this construction i. c, a frame work of 
wood studs lathed on both sides, assures a plentiful air circulation; in this way 
the weather and the moisture cannot penetrate to the interior, so that I am as- 
sured in the winter season of good warm quarter-, and in the summer as cool as 

the weather permits. 

In conclusion I wish to say that Universal Portland Cement was used 
idt alks, the porch floor, a> well as the entire exterior of the house. 
particular to wet the cement while it was - ting and in this way I obtained white- 
ness of ( n quality, a finished effect both pleasing and satisfying." 

Yours very truly, 

(Signed) Edward Middleton. 

for the 
I was 

Concrete Park Bench, Lincoln Park, Chicago 

k ) A 

»'• I ii 









This little bungalow i^ owned by Mr. W. F. Render, and was de- 
igned by his son. Mr. Arthur R. Render. It is located at 2019 Estes 
We., Rogers Park. Illinois. Mr. Mathias Losch, 2017 Greenleaf Ave.. 
Roger- Park, did the cement work, and the owner was the general con- 

ct »r. 

The hou-e of wooden frame construction, with an exterior coat 

of Portland cement mortar, applied on metal lath, and the cost was $4 01 : 
which ma\ be itemized as follows: 


Excavating and ms- nr\ : 45 

Carpentry and interior finish . . . . 1,852 

ring and cement work. ... 415 

Plumbii g 320 

Heating . . . 

Hardware . 



beet Metal 





The Miss >n style of architecture was followed both on the interior 
and exter and the exterior trim is es] dally interesting. Mr. Render 
is very well plea 1 with his house, and considers it a satisfactory in- 


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The unique little bungalow of -Mis- Clara L. Wightman, is situated 
on Bluff Street, near Fletcher Avenue, in Glencoe, Illinois. It was de- 
signed by Mr. J. J. Flanders, of Chicago. The general contractor was 
Mr S. C. Castleman, of Washington Height-. Illinois, and Xoernberg i 
Gehrity of Winmtka. Illiti s, were the contractors for the cement work. 

The ho e is of w len frame construction, with an exterior coating 
of rough casi ement mortar on metal lath, and cost $3,600. Miss Wight- 
man says: "We are greatly pleased with our cement bungalow, and it ha 
proven itself a most satisfactory form of building. 

"One great reason for using the cement was that of avoiding the 
expense of painting and of rotting of wood when vines are allowed to 
clamber md we feel that we were very wise in our decision. I can see 
no necessity for it- requiring painting or repairs. We found it delight- 
fully cool and pleasant during the hot summer months, and we find it 
warm and comfortable in the cold weather. It is moisture proof — at least 
we have had no occasion to think otherwise/' 






A beautiful example of modern archil tural design is shown in this 
residence. Judge Peter S. Grosscup, of the United States Circuit 
Court of Appeals, is the owner of the house, which was designed by Mar- 
shall & Fo . of Chicago. The house is located in Highland Park, and 
with its bi id lawns and beautiful shrubbery, it i^ a fitting example of 
more expensive type of American home. 

The building is of heavy frame construction, with a pure white rough 
cast cement plaster coat applied to metal lath. The »st of this house 
could not be obtained. In regard to his residence. Judge Gr --cup says 

"The house is very satisfactory to me. It is warm in winter, cool in 
summer, moisture-proof and beautiful. Since it received its coat of spe- 
cial paint, the color is uniform. Were I to build again, I would build the 
same kind of a cement house." 



Cement Brick Residences 


EMENT bricks are one of the most easily 
manipulated building materials in which 
cement is used. They are made in ma- 
chines in quantities from four to sev- 
eral hundred bricks at a time. The ma- 
terials used are Portland cement and 
sand, in various proportions. The faces 
of the bricks may be made in practically any design and 
any color or combination of colors can be had, the effects 
thus obtained, being often most interesting and pleasing. 
Colored cement mortars may be employed in joining the 


Cement brick houses cannot ordinarily be regarded 

as fireproof. The interior construction may, however, be 
such that they are practically so. 

The advantages offered by cement brick over other 
brick are their comparative cheapness, greater resistance 
to fire, their durability and the greater diversity of effects 
obtainable in colors and surface finishes. 




C EMI >[ 



This cement brick house was designed b\ Mr. Holden and built 1 
Mr. Swan X el son. both of Minneapolis, Minn. The total - was S6,00< 


Jin- m t brick hous< is locat l1 B row n stow n, Indiana. It wa 
designed by Mr. M. C. Prichett, of Bedford, Indiana, and was built by 
the owner Mr. Wm. C. Ball. The total c M of the » wa- OCX 





The residence of Mr. John Wagner, 178 Prairie Street, Blue Island. 
Illinois was designed and built by Mr. Ed. IT. Rossner, 280 Walnut 
Street, Blue land. 

The foundations are constructed of rock- face cement block. Above 
the foundations cement brick are used, and the roof is covered with 
asbestos shingles. At the time the photograph was taken, the house wa 
in an incomplete condition, the porch floor, steps and railing being un- 
finished. When completed, the house will cost $4,100, which include- 
polished oak floors throughout, oak trim downstairs, and pine upstairs. 
The owner is thoroughly satisfied with the building in every way, 
nd consider^ his investment a good one. He says his house is practicallv 
fireproof, absolutely moisture-proof, and that it will not need any paint- 
ing or repairing. Owing to the fact that he had but recently moved into 
it, he could not give any data regarding the uniformity of temperature. 
but it is his opinion that the house will be very satisfactory in this respect. 



The residence of Mr. Oscar W. Nelson is located at 400 South First 

weniK in May wood, Min is, and is constructed entirely ot cement brick 

The lion- head- on each side of the porch entrance w< .h seven 1 

each, and are set in a bed ■ .{ rete. No water-proofing was used on 

he building except that the f nidation which were made of cemem 

block, were painted with asphalt. Universal Portland Cement was u» 1 


Mr. Xel *i d< gn< and built his home, and giv< tin si as 00 
fe is thoroughly satisfied with the building in a general way. and say 
the invc ment ha- proven sat ry, and ah • that th< house ra< 

cally fire-prooi md moisture-proof, warm in winter and c< 1 in summer, 
and will rn d no painting or repairing, lie sa\ the maintenance i 
almost thing, and for five year- hi insurance ha- only amounted to a 
little more than $6.00. 



This little bungalow is the home of Mr. Dick Tyler, Conneaut. Ohio, 
and was designed and built by the owner. 

The house is built entirely of cement brick, and the hollow wall con- 
struction was used. Rock faced cement brick were used for the exterior. 
and smooth faced for the interior. The inner section of the wall was 
built faster than the outer, and kept tarred as a preventive of dampness. 
The foundations are of solid concrete. Universal Portland Cement was 

used throughout. 

The total cost of the house was $4,038, itemized as follows : 

Excavating • $ 50 

Carpentry and interior finish 1,100 

Cement work 1,000 

Roof and mantels 400 

Plastering 150 

Plumbing 400 

Heating 375 

Wiring 60 

Hardware '50 

Fixtures 150 

Glass 90 

Copper fla c hing 70 

No. 125 Tie wire 31 

2 Bbls. Asphalt tar 12 

Mr. Tyler says that he is thoroughly satisfied with the building in 
every way, and that, as an investment, it has proven satisfactory. He 
says the house is practically fireproof, and there is nothing to burn but 
the finish, and that it will not need any painting or repairing for a hun- 
dred years ; that it is warm in winter and cool in summer, and absolutely 
moisture-proof, as he made a twenty-four hour hose test. 






This bungalow was designed and constructed by Mr. W. H. Parrish, 
at Rosslyn Farms, Pa., a suburb six miles from Pittsburg. It was c n- 
structed of reinforced concrete, has five large rooms and a bath on the 
first floor, and two room- on the second floor, is equipped with all mod- 
ern conveniences, and cost les- than $4,000. Mr. Leland G. Cumming- 

is the owner. 

The method of construction u-ed in building this bungalow wa 
somewhat unique. Wooden studding was rai-ed as in the usual fraim 
construction. For the in-ide form, planks were set up between tin stud- 
ding, flush with the inside edge, and held in position by one inch bracim 
trips The out-ide form- were built on two by six inch stock. spa< d 
pposite alternate stud-. Spacing blocks were placed between the stud- 
ding and the outside form, wire lxing used to hold the form . ain-t th 
blocks. Over the basement window?, a two inch angle iron wa- plac i. 
and above and below the first floor window one half inch wir cable 

The in- 
terior and exterior surface- are Portland cement plaster coat and I in- 

The two bungalows shown on the following page were built by Mr 
Parrish at a cost of less than $4,000 each. 

running clear around the house, were imbedded in the concrete. 


Reinforced Concrete Residence of Mr. John U. Sebenius, 

Duluth. Minn. 

i rom, Dulutl Vrch 

Reinforced Concrete Residence of Mr, Fred Pabst, Jr., 

< konomi <\\ Wis. 

^rneckcs A Cramer oker. Architc Newton Encineerinf ^ Milwaukee. Contra 


Residence of Mr. Alexander S. Cochran, Esq., 

East View, N. Y. 

Mr. Robert W. Gardner. New York. Architect. Mr. Beni. A. Howe, Nem York, | Inter and contractor 

Residence of Wm. C. DeLanoy, Esq., 

Short Hills, New Jersey. 

Mr. John A. Curd, New York, Architect. Mr. Ben \. Howes. New York, Engineer and Contractor. 

Reinforced Concrete Residence of Sumner B. Pearmain, Esq., 

Framingham, Mass. 

M B. Pearmain, Framingham. Mass., Architect. Mr Benj. A. H es, N York, F rieer and < itractor 

Reinforced Concrete Residence of Mr. Maitland F. Griggs, 

Ardsley on the Hudson, N. Y 

Mr Ruben \\ ;ardne. New York. Architect. Mr. Benj. A iowe> I - £i nee r and Contract 




Reinforced Concrete Residence of Mr. E. L. Ryerson, 

Lake Forest, 111. 


r Howard V. Shaw. Chicago. Architect. William Adams Co., Chicago. Contractoi 

Another View of the Ryerson Residence. 

The above hoi is wned by Mr Knge. is situate at 21 3 \lvarado 
street . - uigele Cal. Brown Brc - architect-, of O r Raj 
Iowa d( signed this house and give the st as $8,000. 


idence of Mr. Samuel Schenk. Cost $5,000 
Harvard I ale rd, I s Angele a\. 

Brown Bros rbitrct? Cmv Ripids. Iowa. 


Brown Brothers, architects, of Cedar Rapids. Iowa, designed this 
bungalow. It is an unusually artistic combination of cobble --tone founda- 
tion, cement plastered walls, and red tile roof. 

The arrangement of rooms is somewhat different than that of the 
ordinary bungalow type. On each side of the pergola porch are two 
large rooms, one used a> a dining room and the other a living room. 
They are connected bv a long hall, which leads into the kitchen at one 
end, and a den at the other. Back of the hall are three bedrooms and 
the kitchen opens onto a screened porch. There are also two large baths, 
a porch and a small vestibule under this roof, which makes quite a fair- 
sized house. The total cost was $8,000. Mr. C. H. Garvey, 215 Palmetto 
Ave., Pasadena, Gal., is the owner. 



* ' 

; a\ * • 

m i 


This house is located in West Lake Park, Los Angeles, California, 
and is owned by Mr. Painter. The arrangement is somewhat novel, 
-howing the front portion of the house one story, with the balcony 
above, and the central portion full two stories. Brown Brothers, archi- 
tects, of Cedar Rapids, Iowa, give the cost of the house as S6,000. 


Copyright. Waldoi W a>liington, D. C, 

Nine Room Cement House. Cost $6,000 

Mr. C. C. Clark Architect, Altadena. Cal. 


it 1 Waldo rj Fawcett, Washington, \> 

Eight Room Cement House of Mr. E. P. Gates. Cost, $5,000. 

Pasadena, Cal. 



p - 


Copyri^l/ Waldon Fawcett. Washington, D, C. 

A $12,000 Cement House. 

I. I.. Rochrii - bitect, Pasaden i I ai 


Waldon Kawcr V. ,. [). C, 

Fourteen Room Cement House. 

Mr J J. BJick. 

rt. Pasadena, Lai. 

. Waldoi. i cett, \\ a ngton, D, C. 

A Cement House that Illustrates the Possibilities of Cobble Stone 


Mr. C. W.lBu man [ Architect P ]• il. 

Cement Residence of John D. Culbertson, 

Sewickley, Pa. 

op r 



Cement and the Home Interior 

HE average individual probably lias an unfavorable im- 
pression of exposed cement surfaces for the interior of 

homes and is little acquainted with the practically unlim- 
ited artistic possibilities offered by cement for interior 
use. Herewith are a few illustration s showing some ap- 
plication- of cement in the interior of residences. It will 

be seen that cement, properly treated, may make a warm and delightful 

interior, with an atmosphere >f charm and simplicity. 

The mantel illustrated i- a striking example of intricate detail in ornat 

design, which can be obtained by the use of cement. This mantel, which 

is to 1>e found in Marshall 

Field's retail -tore at Chica- 
go, shows very clear and 

sharply cut detail, although 

the design is quite eompli- 

ated. The bench in 


foreground, although of very 
massive appearance, is really 
not as heavy a- it appears. 

The great length of span 
possible in concrete beams is 
an advantage of consider- 
able importance in planning 
rooms of large dimensions 
unobstructed by pillars. The 

low, flat concrete arch is far 
more natural and beautiful 
than one of wooden con- 
truction. The latter is high- 
ly artificial and occupies 
greater space. 

Concrete benches, tables, 
chairs, flower boxes, vases, 
fountains, colored floor tile 
and panels, are examples of 
the large range of possibili- 

Concrete Mantel in Marshall Field's Store, 

Chicago, 111. 



Bedroom Fireplace — DeLanoy 


ties of cement for use in the inte- 
rior of homes. They may be exe- 
cuted in practically any design. 
plain or ornamental ; various text- 
ures and many colors may be had 
by subjecting the concrete to special 

Two artistic concrete mantels 
from the house of Mr. Wm. C. De- 
Lanov, are shown in the accom- 
panying phot- raphs. The beauti- 
ful simplicity and atmosphere of 

refinement which is expressed by 
these mantels can be obtained with 
no other building material. 

A whole chapter could be written 
on design^ for cement fireplace- 
They range from the simple ones 
just shown to the e client imita- 
tions of carved marble and Caen 
stone examples. 

Music Room in the Pearmain House. 

There is one great advantag< Ix -ides fireproofness in a house with 
one interior trim and concrete floors, wall- and roof and that is th 

- with which it i he kept spotlessl) cl n. Upon removal of the 
rug-, furniture and hai ings, a hose ma\ be turned upon the interior 
without doing a particle of damage. 

Fireplace in the Music Room — DeLanoy House 






A fairly typical fin 
lace i- t ne in the 
1 rriggs house, which 
has a lintel of rough 
mcrete. This was 
designed t"< >r a sim m ith 
finish, and the work- 
n \ ere preparin 

to ir up the slab 
of rough concrete 


1 11*11 


V\ II' 

Fireplace in the Griggs House. 

found them. "Leav 

thai just as it is/ 1 he 
ried ; and, indeed, it 
has turned out th 

most mi ml. } Luse the most expressi firepla in the hous 

I h fireplace in tin dining room of the Pearmain housi - a most at- 
tracts > llra\ racketed pillars support a plain lintel. Above th 
If, tin plain surfa is ►rated with th< irmain insij ria in reliei 
Another attractive fireplace is in the music room. The d- n is 
plain, ( p1 for the ulptm 1 figur* m each sid which were < 

cuted in pla l> v Mr L. O. 1 uric 
The trim this room is pure whit 
cement, smooth troweled, and tli 
lx k-ca; . bench, column i pitals 
et I s< did • te. 

For bedrooms the simple form- 
lined with cement brick, are \ ry 
pi ring, but for a dining r n, th 
warm ray cem il is perhaps the 
best of all. 

Mr\ I irmain designed her horn 
and Mr. Benj. A. Howes built it 
It is surely an -• irti-tic and at- 
tractive resid Mr. Howes al- 

built Mr. Win. C. DeLanov's re^: 

dence in Hiort Hills, New Jersey 
which was design Mr. J 'hn A 

' >urd. New ^ rk. The illustra- 
tion on the fol! wing page show- 
an interior view taken in this house. 

Fireplace in the Dining Room — , ri 1t . . , , , 

Pearmain House. l he vval1 1S marked ott in block- 

Stairway and Entrance to Library in the DeLanoy House. 

which have been roughened. The concrete stairway, with its smooth sand 
finish, was inl ided originally to be crowned with a wooden rail, so that 
it would be easier on the hand, but the beamy of the concrete so appealed 
to the owner, that he had it let 1 just a- shown. 

The field of interi decoration, with reinforced concrete is unlimited 
Tl 3 is account I for b\ the plasti< ity and ease with which this wonderful 
material can be molded into any desired shape. The statement often has 
been made that concrete is the earning building material, but it is no 
longer con ng; it i- here, and the sooner the public realize the value 01 
this material, just so soon will we ha\ i- comfortable, beautiful, permanent 




Cement Exterior 

HE surfa of concrete structures need not net irily 
pr« nt the somber, monotonous appearance which it un- 
doubtedl) possesses in the opinion of many. The ordin- 
ary surfact finish, it is true, has a lifeless, unattractive 


aspect. It is possible, howci r, to so treat cement sur- 
fa o that they will l>e highly pleasing and interesting. 
Concrete is in fact a most admirable material for the ex- 
terior ornamentation of residence . It can be molded into many shap< s, 
may be colored as d \r d and by the u of colored mds, peW tones 

and tile various striking effects can he obtained. 

Reduced one-balf of original size. 

Rough-Cast Concrete Surface. 

(Screened Gravel) 

One surface finish is known as the rough cast inish. Torpedo 1. 

ement and water are mixed in proportions to get a icli ma and 

then thrown on the wall with a paddle or heavy wire brush. 

variation of this is known a^ the pebble dash finish. This is obtained by 

the us< r i hbles and and. It is quite popular on account i the fact 

that a mixed gravel can be used without screening. Fine cin lers are 

ometimes used in place of gravel to secure the rough effect; granit 

creenin£- ma) also be emp!< ed. the result being a highly artisti -ugh 



Rough-Cast Concrete Surface. 
(Granite Screenings) 

'lie: - man ther sp< ial ti itments to which concrete may be 

: which will produ eil in striking contrast to the ordinary 

nt finish ten in sidewalk surfaces. The cement surface as repre- 

ented in the ilk is obtained by using a mixture- of fine -and, cement 

a 1 water. It is carefulh smoothed with a w «len float and finished 


with trowel. Th i\ ing color i- dependent largely upon the natural 
olor of tl cement. 

Brushed, Pebble Concrete Surface 



A beautiful surface can be secured by what is called washing and 
brushing the exterior, ("iravel with as many colored pebbles as can be 

being added for 


obtained is used, marble chips sometimes 

When the concrete has set sufficiently for the forms to be taken off, the 
Lirface is washed with water, or dilute hydrochloric acid, and scrubbed 
with a wire brush. The loose cement is thus removed from the surface 
of the pebble, leaving the natural color- id the stones, shown in an in- 
discriminate array, that is distinctly pleasing. 

W m. Mam 


' h. 

Reduced one-half of original size. 

Brushed, Torpedo Sand Concrete Surface. 

A surface with a smoother texture can be made by using fine, even 
giavel, as shown in the accompanying photograph. On the cover of thi 
ooklet is shown a reproduction of a brushed pebble concrete surface in 
natural color-. No other building material has the refined atmosphere 
of these vari-colored stones, with their background of grey cement; the 
whole arranged in an accidental distribution which is decidedly artistic. 

nd not at all artificial looking. 

Another method of finishing a concrete surface, which has the advan- 
tage of being applicable after the concrete has set for any length of time, 
and can be accomplished without previous preparation of the surface. 1- 
hu^h-hammering. This consists essentially of taking off about one- 
fourth of ;ni inch of the surface by chipping it with a heavy hammer. Th 
hammer "enerallv used weighs about nine pounds, and has row- of pyra- 
midal projections on each end. The end- of the hammer are two inche 
square. It has been found that the points should be pyramids two-thirds 
of m Inch apart, and that sixteen or twenty-five points on each end giv 

the best result-. 

Attractive designs and effects can be -ecured by the use of combina- 
tions of the different concrete surfaces. The attractive loggia, shown in 


mpai ing view, is from the re in for <1 mcrete oi Mi 

tnd J Gr i( Wdsl< . on the Huds n, N< m > > ork. Tin 

1 b Mr. Robt. W i trdner, a New N i rk archil and 
■ th< twner, und< the supervision of Mr. I nj. A. Howe 1 
\ i. N< w ¥ork ( n\. 

e exfc mi the residence was produced by d; hin n 

' and pebbles, the trim being smooth troweled, I In 

mph w hat can be <1< me \\ ith i an 

1 . an l nl illusl \\<>u of tin ml r i 

mi supp >r\ I ]" i h< and illustrat 

• I i 


iiiiim in lie n vi i ml <1 •!< 

tin r can Ik- burned into i a 



11 Ij\ buildin up th< i n w iili minul 

l)in hv lx i • red cli I h 








I ' 



inh 1 mi a bed lit, and thus 

il mph i In- kind i de it u >n ai n ■ I 

\l i \ll» i M i" and M r. II. I '>. n. I nd< 

us designs appeal in tinted da\ 

i i 















^ i 


I- f ->ggia on the Gnggt House 



vfl Ml 

A Concrete Lamp Post on Lake Shore Drive 

>J] v'fRSXI 



is Uniform 

Uniform in soundness 
Uniform in strength 
Uniform in fineness 
Uniform in color 
Uniform in specific 

Uniform in setting 


Uniformity means su 

Use Universal — it produces 
uniformly excellent results. 


Portland Cement Co. 






- - g